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Complete Blood Count (CBC)

Also Known as Complete Blood Picture, Complete Blood Profile, CBP
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    blood sample




    Age group

    Above 10 years

    Blood is the essential fluid that supplies oxygen and other vital nutrients to different body parts. It is also responsible for transporting metabolic waste away from healthy cells in the body. Due to its pivotal role, blood carries information about the overall well-being of a person. 

    To observe any disease, one of the first few tests recommended by experts includes a complete blood count test. Through the analysis, the doctors aim to gain insight into the root cause behind symptoms. Generally, the main purpose of blood tests varies, comprising: 

    • Diagnosing different diseases and their complications 
    • Observing a chronic condition like diabetes 
    • Assessing the disease-to-treatment suitability 
    • Analysis of the overall functioning of different body organs 
    • Identifying the clotting or bleeding disorders 
    • Detecting the strength of immune systems to fight off infections 

    Typically, the best CBC lab test in Hyderabad checks multiple parts of blood. These include red blood cells, white blood cells, plasma, haemoglobin and platelets. 

    Red blood cells hold the maximum proportion of blood cells' volume. They comprise 40-45% of the cells. Four to five billion RBCs are generated from bone marrow every hour, with an average life-cycle of 120 days. 

    White blood cells form only 1% of the overall blood cell volume. However, they're one of the primary markers of the immune strength of the person. They travel through the blood to reach the site of infection to ward off harmful microorganisms. In some cases, they even extend to tissues to counterattack foreign bodies such as bacteria and viruses. 

    Haemoglobin in blood measures the amount of available protein to carry oxygen to different body parts. The deficiency of the protein can indicate anaemia and other chronic diseases. 

    Platelets are the main element which helps in clotting blood and prevents excessive bleeding during injury. The lack of these cells can result in fatal bleeding and clotting disorder, causing other severe complications. 

    Plasma is the portion of blood responsible for transporting proteins, sugar, hormones and salts. Lower plasma levels indicate nutrient malabsorption and malnutrition in the body due to diseases like liver or kidney disease.

    To check the individual components of blood, patients are required to provide a blood sample. Generally, the technician extracts the blood from the vein using venipuncture. 

    During the collection procedure for the CBC lab test in Hyderabad, the expert inserts a needle in one of the veins in the arm. Thereafter, the blood is stored in a vial to be sent to a lab. 
    The most common effects faced by patients after venipuncture include the following: 

    • Pain at the site of needle insertion
    • Slight redness and bump at the extraction point  
    • Feeling drowsy due to the fear of needles
    • Minor bruising and sore spot 
    • Pinching or stinging feeling at the collection site  

    Apollo 24|7 provides comprehensive diagnosis through CBC lab tests in Hyderabad for patients. The NABL-certified platform provides keen insight into the health of patients with the help of qualified healthcare experts. Patients can visit a physical establishment or book a home collection session for the best CBC lab test in Hyderabad. 

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    Diabetes Defence - Basic
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    Full Body Check - Basic
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    faqFrequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

    Frequently asked questions

    CBC can help to detect various conditions that include anemia of various etiologies, autoimmune disorders, bone marrow disorders, dehydration, infections, inflammation, hemoglobin abnormalities, leukemia, low platelets, lymphoma, myeloproliferative neoplasms, myelodysplastic syndrome, sickle cell disease, thalassemia, and cancer that has spread to bone marrow.
    The other tests which can be advised entirely depend on the suspected condition or disease. In the case of abnormal WBC results, the culture of the affected area is advised such as blood culture, urine culture, and sputum culture. Tests for viruses like mononucleosis or EBV can be advised. In case inflammation is suspected, a CRP or ESR test may be advised. In the case of abnormal RBC results, the other test advised can include reticulocyte count, iron studies, tests for folate and vitamin B12, Glucose 6 phosphate dehydrogenase test, or hemoglobinopathy evaluation. In the case of abnormal platelet count, the other test advised can be HIT antibody. Also, additional tests that can be advised include tests for bleeding disorders or excessive clotting disorders such as coagulation factors, prothrombin time, partial thromboplastin time, or von Willebrand factor.
    To take the blood sample, a tourniquet (elastic) band is placed tightly on the upper arm. The patient is asked to make a fist. This helps in the buildup of blood filling the veins and it becomes easy to collect the blood. The skin is cleaned before inserting the needle in the vein in order to prevent bacteria from entering. The needle is then inserted into the vein in the arm and the blood sample is collected in the vacutainer.
    MCV refers to the mean corpuscular volume. It depicts the measurement of the average size of red blood cells.
    MCH refers to Mean corpuscular hemoglobin. It depicts the measurement of the average amount of hemoglobin inside red blood cells.
    MCHC refers to Mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration. It depicts the average concentration of hemoglobin inside red blood cells.
    The factors which can affect hemoglobin’s level include recent blood transfusion and pregnancy.
    The other tests which can be advised along with hemoglobin test depend upon the cause which needs to be diagnosed. The other tests include CBC, blood smear, iron studies, reticulocyte count, vitamin B12 and folate levels, and bone marrow examination.
    The individuals which are at risk of low hemoglobin levels include women of childbearing age, nutritional deficiencies, people who underwent surgery, people who have been severely injured, kidney disease, cancer, HIV/AIDS, inflammatory bowel disease, chronic infection, or chronic inflammatory disorders.
    The signs of abnormally low hemoglobin levels include fatigue, pale skin, fainting, and shortness of breath.
    When the total number of leucocyte count is higher than the normal range, it is known as leukocytosis.
    When the total number of leucocyte count is lower than the normal range, it is known as leukopenia.
    Leukemia is the cancer of the blood in which malignant white blood cells multiply inside the bone marrow. It can be acute or chronic.
    Lymphoma is cancer of the blood that occurs in the lymphatic system of the body. The white blood cells in lymphoma change and grow beyond control. The two types of lymphoma are Hodgkin’s and Non Hodgkin’s lymphoma.
    Yes, please inform your doctor if you are taking any medicines or supplements as it might interfere with the test results.
    Hematocrit is a measurement of the percentage of red blood cells in your blood.
    Anaemia is a condition in which the haemoglobin concentration and the number of red blood cells fall below the normal level. Our CBC blood test price has been kept at a minimum for you to get your haemoglobin level checked at regular intervals.
    Anaemia is a blood disorder wherein a person lacks the necessary red blood cells to carry oxygen throughout the body. Low haemoglobin causes weakness and tiredness. There are many kinds of anaemia, such as aplastic, iron deficiency, sickle cell anaemia, and thalassemia. It can be detected in a CBC test.
    Some of the early warning symptoms of anemia include: Weakness, Fatigue, Irregular heartbeats, Yellowish or pale skin, Breathlessness, Lightheadedness or dizziness, Cold feet and hands, Chest pain, Headaches These symptoms may not be very apparent initially but may worsen with time.
    Low platelet count is also known as thrombocytopenia. It can cause purple and red rashes, bleeding gums, nosebleeds, bruises, heavy menstrual bleeding, prolonged bleeding from wounds, etc. There are many reasons behind the low count of platelets, such as bone marrow conditions (such as aplastic anaemia, viral infections, cirrhosis, myelodysplasia, vitamin deficiencies, etc.), platelet destruction (due to pregnancy, enlarged spleen, autoimmune disorders, bacterial infections, surgery, etc.), etc.
    A CBC test is a blood test that checks the different features and components in the blood. These components include: Red blood cells – These cells are responsible for carrying oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body White blood cells – There are around five types of white blood cells. These cells help fight off infections and diseases that attack the body Platelets – These cells help stop bleeding by clotting the blood at the site of the injury Hemoglobin – It's a specific protein present in the red blood cells which helps in transporting oxygen from the lungs to other parts of the body Hematocrit – This component helps to measure the proportion or volume of red blood cells present in the blood Mean corpuscular volume – It’s a measure of the generic size of the red blood cells
    A complete blood count or CBC is a commonly prescribed assessment of blood that is usually done as part of a routine medical check-up. This test is significant because it helps detect and determine the number of blood disorders, such as infections, autoimmune diseases, anaemia, blood cancer or leukaemia.
    Usually, the blood count tests do not require fasting. However, in certain cases, such as for assessing diabetes, doctors may recommend eight to twelve hours of fasting before the drawing out procedure.
    A medical expert may suggest blood assessment for many reasons. The most common reasons to order such tests include the following:  Analysing the overall health of a patient Observing the efficiency of a treatment  Discovering the risks of heart diseases  Evaluating the chances of a genetic diseases Diagnosing life-threatening diseases like CAD
    Medical practitioners suggest getting a blood assessment done once every year. However, if the patient is suffering from pre-existing conditions, they must undergo the diagnosis every three to six months. The general frequency depends on the health status of the patient.
    The usual symptoms exhibited by patients with low red blood cell count include:  Feeling tired frequently  Chronic headaches  Loss of appetite  Weight loss Numbness in the body  Cold feet and arms  Lack of concentration  Brittle nails  Abnormal menstrual bleeding  Inflamed tongue  Shortness of breath
    Regular blood screening is helpful for healthy and diseased individuals. For a healthy person, it provides information about bodily changes to manage them more effectively. For a sick patient, it offers insight into the severity of diseases, probable complications and the need for different treatments.
    Typically, patients don't face any serious side effects after blood collection. In rare cases, the side effects may appear as follows:  Bruising and swelling at the site of extraction   Rashes and bumps around the extraction area Pain lasting beyond two days  Inability to move the body part  Infection at the site of extraction
    Most doctors recommend opting for a Complete Blood Count at least once a year. As such, an annual physical check-up usually includes this assessment. However, you can opt for CBC test from the Apollo 24
    7 app.
    The base price for the test is 400 INR. The package includes 24 individual assessments and provides a comprehensive overview of a person's general health, effectively making it the best CBC lab test in Guwahati.
    While there are no limitations on who can take a CBC test, anyone with a family history of blood-related disorders should consider opting for one. In addition, pregnant females can undergo such medical examinations to ensure their and the foetus's health.
    There are no preparatory steps before opting for a CBC lab test. However, you may be asked to follow specific guidelines if you are also taking certain other diagnostic tests. It is best to consult a doctor regarding the same before opting for a CBC lab test in Guwahati.
    In most cases, blood tests do not lead to additional complications. Moreover, Apollo's medical professionals take extensive precautions to ensure a safe sample collection process, offering individuals access to the best CBC lab test in Guwahati.
    The complete blood count (CBC) test checks for the composition of red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets, and haemoglobin. Since the white blood cells are directly associated with the body's immune response, CBC is the perfect test to check for immunity.
    Apollo 24/7 offers accurate and reliable CBC lab tests in Lucknow. Rapid testing and delivering the complete blood count report within six hours of the test make us a reliable option, especially if you require the results urgently.
    If the CBC lab test infers that you have a high amount of white blood cells, it could indicate the presence of an infection. As part of the immune response, white blood cells multiply to fight invading microbes that might enter the body and raise the body temperature. On the other hand, abnormal complete blood count results indicating high white blood cell count may also suggest leukaemia or bone marrow disease.
    Certain existing medications (prescribed or otherwise) may fluctuate the levels of several blood components, leading to a discrepancy in the results of the complete blood count. Hence, it is crucial to remain upfront with the doctor about medication and medical history to get accurate results.
    If the complete blood count results show a low platelet count, it might indicate leukaemia or lymphoma. Since cancer cells multiply, they may substitute the platelet cells in the body and lead to problems in the bone marrow.
    If your test results show a low count of red blood cells, it may point towards you having anaemia. It can be due to the loss or destruction of RBC or any sudden decrease in the production of RBC. It could also be due to nutritional deficiency, hemolysis, bone marrow failure, chronic conditions like infections, cancer, autoimmune diseases, or other reasons such as external or internal bleeding, thyroid disorder, or pregnancy. Some medications may also lower your red blood cells count.
    If your CBC test shows a significantly higher number of RBCs than usual, you could suffer from erythrocytosis. This leads to the thickening of the blood and increased risk of blood clots. This condition could either be inherited due to genetic mutation or congenital cardiac ailments, respiratory diseases like pulmonary fibrosis, renal disorders like kidney disease, tumours such as renal cell carcinoma, and the usage of drugs.
    If your white blood count is unusually high, it could be due to inflammation, infection, bone marrow disease, blood cancers and immune system disorders. It could also be due to certain medications. On the other hand, a low count could be due to disruption caused by viral infections.
    If your CBC test shows fewer platelets than usual, it could be a sign of infections, cancer, or other health conditions. On the other hand, if the number is abnormally high, it can put you at risk of stroke or blood clotting.
    There are specific home remedies that can help manage low red blood count or RBC, such as: Eating a proper diet with adequate vitamins and proteins Avoiding activities that may leave you breathless or with a faster heartbeat Take rest between activities Drink enough non-alcoholic fluid and non-caffeinated drinks
    A complete blood count can serve as a preliminary test to determine a bunch of medical conditions, such as: Mineral, iron, or vitamin deficiencies Heart diseases Bone marrow disorders Inflammation or infection Bleeding disorders Autoimmune diseases Cancer A side-effect of medicines or chemotherapy
    Test results for CBC may vary from person to person, depending on their blood cell count. It will also rely on the lab at which the test will be performed. Generally speaking, the normal results will look like this: Red blood cells: 4.32-5.72 million cells/mcL (men) and 3.90-5.03 million cells/mcL (women) Hematocrit: 38.8-50 per cent (men) and 34.9-44.5 per cent (women) Haemoglobin: 135-175 grams/L (men) and 120-155 grams/L (women) White blood cells: 3,500-10,500 cells/mcL Platelet: 1,50,000-4,50,000/mcL
    If you are suffering from an abnormal count of white blood cells, you may notice symptoms like: Fatigue General feeling of unease Unintentional and inexplicable weight loss Chronic infections or illnesses
    If your platelet is abnormally high or low, it may lead to some apparent signs and symptoms, such as: Bruising Blood in urine and stool Excessive bleeding from minor injuries Swelling in leg Joint or muscle pain Tingling in limbs Frequent nosebleeds Bleeding gums Internal bleeding Heavy menstrual bleeding Weakness or dizziness Severe headaches
    There are a handful number of red blood cells disorders and conditions, such as: Anaemia, a condition characterised by low levels of RBCs that carry oxygen throughout the body Iron-deficiency anaemia, a type of anemia caused by low intake of nutritional iron Thalassemia, a genetic form of anaemia Polycythemia vera, a type of blood cancer in which the bone marrow produces an uncontrollable number of RBCs
    To prepare for the CBC test, it is necessary to talk to the doctor about the type of diet to follow. If fasting is required, the doctor will inform the patient along with other preparatory instructions.  However, the patient must inform about any pre-existing illnesses and medications they might be taking.
    During the test, the doctor or nurse will inject a syringe into the patient's arm vein to collect a blood sample. They will place a bandage on the area to avoid bruising or pain.  Later, the blood sample will be sent to the lab for examination. According to the latest reports from the provider, the doctor will develop a treatment strategy.
    No risks are associated with this procedure, and it is entirely safe. However, patients might experience slight pain or sting when the doctor inserts the needle for collecting blood. The pain will fade away after a few minutes.
    The test will assist the doctor in understanding the blood disorder symptoms and indicate the number of new blood cells generated in the body. Also, the doctor might gauge the shape and size of blood cells and any underlying disorders.
    The primary symptoms of experiencing low red blood cell count are -  Dizziness  Extreme tiredness and fatigue  Heart palpitations  Shortness of breath  Patients over 60 years and using blood thinners might be at risk of suffering from a low red blood cell count.
    A CBC test might be helpful for a cardiologist in assessing, evaluating, and detecting any possible heart-related complications. It's often treated as a tool that helps diagnose congestive heart failure since the test can detect anaemia, which is one of the prime reasons for CHF.
    A CBC test helps assess, diagnose and evaluate the following diseases and medical conditions: Autoimmune disorders Anemia Dehydration Bone marrow diseases Inflammation Infections Lymphoma Leukemia Myelodysplastic syndrome Myeloproliferative neoplasms Thalassemia Sickle cell disease Nutritional deficiencies like B12, folate and iron Bone marrow cancer
    Yes, a CBC test can also aid in assessing cardiovascular health and a person's overall well-being by checking the blood cell count, triglycerides, and cholesterol. It also serves as a marker for kidney and liver infections.
    There are no preparations required before the complete blood count exam. The test will be simple. After cleaning the arm, the provider will insert a needle in it. If the test is to be conducted on an infant, it will be inserted in a baby's heel. The provider will collect the blood sample in a tube and place a bandage on the arm. This blood will be sent for testing.
    A CBC test is a very common and safe procedure. There are no known risks, and the Apollo 24/7 provider will likely only take a small blood sample in a tube. A person might feel lightheaded or faint after the complete blood count test.
    A complete blood count or CBC test measures five primary components of blood cells. These include red blood cells, haemoglobin, hematocrit, white blood cells and platelets.
    CBC test mainly checks for red blood cells. These cells are responsible for transporting oxygen through the person's body. They also help in carrying and eliminating carbon dioxide. RBCs contain haemoglobin, a protein that carries oxygen and hematocrit, which measures the volume of the red blood cells in the blood.
    A CBC test also checks for white blood cells. These cells fight against the germs that invade the body. These abnormally high numbers of cells can cause infection, inflammation, or other medical conditions. If WBCs are low, it can put a person at higher risk of viral infection.
    A CBC test detects the number of RBCs in the blood. Red blood cells, or RBCs, are responsible for transporting oxygen from the lungs to the other organs and tissues of the body. This cell type is made up of haemoglobin and hematocrit. The former is a protein which helps to carry around oxygen. The latter is the volume of the number of red blood cells in the blood.
    A complete blood count also measures the white blood cells or WBCs. These cells are responsible for fighting away the infections and diseases that attack or invade the human body. They make up a body's immune system, are usually produced in the bone marrow, and are primarily discovered in lymph tissues and blood. Many white blood cells exist, such as lymphocytes, granulocytes, and monocytes.
    If your CBC test results show an abnormal count of red blood cells, it can indicate a red blood cell disorder. There are many different disorders, such as anaemia, hemochromatosis, hemolytic anaemia, polycythemia, nutritional anaemia, thalassemia, sickle cell disease, etc.
    If you suffer from red blood cell disorders, you may experience fatigue, irritability, pale skin, energy loss, enlarged spleen, jaundice, yellow eyes, gallstones, etc.
    White blood cell disorders can primarily be divided into leukopenias and proliferative diseases. In the former, there is a loss of WBCs, which can happen due to the destruction of white blood cells or any other illness. In the latter, the white blood cells may increase abnormally. It could happen as a reaction to some infection or some form of cancer.
    A complete blood count or CBC lab test in Noida detects any abnormalities in the blood through a comprehensive panel test. Any anomalies detected during the test can indicate underlying medical conditions, a blood disorder, etc.
    An abnormality in the RBC count detected in the best CBC lab test in Noida can be due to an increased or decreased number of RBC blood cells. A lower count indicates haemolysis, bone marrow failure, cancer, autoimmune diseases, or nutritional deficiency. On the other hand, an abnormally high count can be an indication of blood thickening. This can indicate that the patient is at risk of developing blood clots. A Higher count also indicates renal disorders, tumours, and drug use.
    Usually, no prior preparation is required for taking the CBC lab test in Noida. However, when taken with other tests, it is imperative to fast overnight to ensure the accuracy of the test results. Also, the hydration status can impact the overall CBC values, so avoiding or drinking water in moderation is better.
    A haematocrit count indicates the overall RBC proportion in the blood in the form of volume ratio. This, along with the haemoglobin test, can confirm the level of protein and oxygen level in the blood. Haematocrit tests are also referred to as packed cell volume or PCV tests.
    One of the best ways to deal with a low platelet count is to increase vitamin C intake. This includes eating lots of fruits and vegetables, such as mangoes, broccoli, pineapple, kiwi, etc.
    The time taken to extract blood for a blood test depends on the type of test, and the amount of blood required. For a complete blood count test, it generally takes approximately three to five minutes to finish the whole process of collection and storage.
    The typical symptoms experienced by patients with low haemoglobin levels are: Chronic fatigue  Weakness  Yellowish skin  Shortness of breath  Chest pain Consistently cold hands and feet  Lightheadedness  Irregular heartbeats
    Usually, venipuncture doesn't cause any major side effects in patients. However, in some rare cases, the effects can look like this:  Pain and soreness at the extraction site Redness and small bumps  A sudden drop in blood pressure and heart rate  Feeling of drowsiness due to vasovagal reaction  Nausea and dizziness
    Apollo 24
    7 offers one of the most extensive healthcare support in Hyderabad. With advanced technology and reputed technicians, patients can get a comprehensive assessment of their blood count. Additionally, to ensure the comfort and convenience of the patients, Apollo also provides an at-home collection facility and result delivery.
    RBCs and WBCs mainly differ in their functions. Red blood cells are responsible for carrying oxygen to different body parts, while white blood cells handle the management of infections inside the body. Additionally, the lifespan of WBCs is 20 days, while for RBCs, it's 120 days.
    The CBC lab test in Hyderabad is recommended by doctors to analyse the complete health of the patient. It aims to understand the root cause of a condition by checking its impact on blood functions. In addition, the test sheds light on the severity of the disease.
    If you receive an abnormal complete blood count result, it may be an indication towards medical conditions like: Mineral, vitamin or iron deficiencies Heart disease Anaemia  Bone marrow troubles Inflammation or infection Bleeding disorders Autoimmune disorders Cancer Reaction to some ongoing medication treatment
    Anaemia does not have any known causes. It could happen at birth (congenital disability) or be acquired later in life. That said, this can occur if: The body doesn't produce an ample amount of red blood cells The body destructs its red blood cells There is uncontrollable bleeding which can lead to the loss of red blood cells in a quantity that is not easily replaceable by the body
    Anaemia has many different kinds, including iron deficiency anaemia. This can happen when the body is at a loss or shortage of iron production. The bone marrow may require iron for the creation of haemoglobin. Without it, there will be a shortage of haemoglobin, leading to a loss of red blood cell volume. This causes iron deficiency anaemia.

    Why should Apollo be your preferred healthcare partner?

    • 36 Years of legacy and credibility in the healthcare industry.
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    The information mentioned above is meant for educational purposes only and should not be taken as a substitute to your Physician’s advice. It is highly recommended that the customer consults with a qualified healthcare professional to interpret test results

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