The hemoglobin. total and differential leucocyte count test are done as a part of a complete blood count. It is done in case of signs and symptoms of anemia, polycythemia, leukemia, or leukopenia. It is done at regular intervals to monitor the ongoing response to the treatment. The Malarial Parasite test helps to detect malaria antigens in the blood. The malarial parasite is detected when an individual is suffering from malaria. Anopheles mosquito if infected with malaria can transfer the malarial parasite to human blood by its bite.
The hemoglobin, total leucocyte count, and differential leucoucyte count test is done:
• As a part of routine health check-up
• As a part of complete blood count
• To evaluate the hemoglobin content in the blood
• To monitor the overall health of an individual such as weakness, fatigue, fever,
• In cases when there are signs and symptoms related to conditions/diseases related to blood cells such as weakness, fever, inflammation, or bleeding.
• To monitor the treatment of condition/diseases related to blood cells such as bleeding disorders and treatment procedures such as chemotherapy
The Malarial Parasite test is done:
• In case of signs or symptoms like fever with chills, nausea, vomiting, headache, diarrhea, and profuse sweating
• As a part of fever panel check-up
Frequently asked questions
How is the blood sample taken?
To take the blood sample, a tourniquet (elastic) band is placed tightly on the upper arm. The patient is asked to make a fist. This helps in the buildup of blood filling the veins and it becomes easy to collect the blood. The skin is cleaned before inserting the needle in the vein in order to prevent bacteria from entering. The needle is then inserted into the vein in the arm and the blood sample is collected in the vacutainer.
What factors can affect hemoglobins level?
The factors which can affect hemoglobins level include recent blood transfusion and pregnancy.
What other tests can be advised along with the hemoglobin, total leucocyte count, differential count, ESR and Malarial parasite test?
The other tests which can be advised along with hemoglobin test depend upon the cause which needs to be diagnosed. The other tests include blood smear, iron studies, reticulocyte count, vitamin B12 and folate levels, and bone marrow examination.
Which individuals are at risk of low hemoglobin levels?
The individuals which are at risk of low hemoglobin levels include women of childbearing age, nutritional deficiencies, people who underwent surgery, people who have been severely injured, kidney disease, cancer, HIV/AIDS, inflammatory bowel disease, chronic infection, or chronic inflammatory disorders.
What are the signs of abnormally low hemoglobin levels?
The signs of abnormally low hemoglobin levels include fatigue, pale skin, fainting, and shortness of breath.
What are the symptoms of Malaria?
The symptoms of malaria include high fever, chills, heavy sweating, headache, nausea, vomiting, pain in the abdomen, diarrhea, and pain in muscles.
How malaria is caused?
Malaria is usually caused by the bite of anopheles mosquito. However, it can also be caused by sharing needles or syringes, after an organ transplant, or after blood transfusion.
Which species of malarial parasites infect humans?
The species of malarial parasites that infect humans include Plasmodium vivax, Plasmodium malariae, Plasmodium ovale, and Plasmodium falciparum.
If the test results are negative, does it mean absence of malaria?
No, negative malarial test results doesnt mean absence of malaria. Negative results can be due to the absence of malarial parasite in the peripheral smear of the blood. In such cases, re-test is advised by the doctor.