Women's Wellness

Why Are ANC Profile Tests Recommended For Pregnant Women?

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During pregnancy, the health of the foetus is intricately intertwined with the well-being of the mother. ANC profile tests, including the assessment of ANC levels, play a significant role in monitoring maternal health throughout pregnancy. They provide insights into potential complications such as low absolute neutrophil count or high abs neutrophil count, potentially aiding timely interventions. Understanding what ANC test in pregnancy entails is essential for expectant mothers. Additionally, ANC profile test signifies its comprehensive nature, encompassing various health parameters. Overall, ANC profile tests are vital for maintaining ANC levels within normal range and ensuring a healthy pregnancy.

What Is ANC Test in Pregnancy?

When it comes to prenatal care, the ANC profile test holds significant importance, especially during the initial trimester. These tests, abbreviated as Ante-Natal Care (ANC) profile tests, serve multifaceted purposes. They encompass various parameters, including the abs neutrophil count (ANC), which measures the quantity of neutrophils in the bloodstream. Neutrophils are vital white blood cells responsible for combating infections. The purpose of ANC profile tests is to evaluate maternal well-being comprehensively and to screen for potential complications that could impact both the mother and the foetus.

ANC levels are pivotal in assessing maternal and foetal health throughout pregnancy. A low absolute neutrophil count (ANC) may signal an increased susceptibility to infections, posing risks to both mother and baby. Conversely, an abs neutrophil count high might indicate underlying health issues requiring further investigation. Monitoring ANC levels is critical to ensuring ANC normal range, optimising maternal well-being and foetal development. Early detection of abnormalities in ANC levels allows for timely interventions and preventive measures to mitigate risks.

During pregnancy, ANC profile tests are highly recommended due to several critical reasons:

1. Continuous Monitoring of Maternal Health During Pregnancy:

ANC profile tests enable the continuous monitoring of maternal health throughout pregnancy. By assessing parameters like abs neutrophil count (ANC), healthcare providers can track maternal well-being and promptly address any deviations from ANC normal levels, ensuring optimal health for both mother and baby.

2. Detection of Potential Health Complications for Both Mother and Baby:

These tests are instrumental in identifying potential health complications that may arise during pregnancy, benefiting both the expectant mother and the developing foetus. By detecting abnormalities such as low or high ANC levels early on, ANC profile tests facilitate timely interventions and preventive measures, reducing the risk of adverse outcomes.

3. Identifying Infections and Immune System Disorders:

ANC profile tests play a crucial role in identifying infections and immune system disorders, which can pose significant risks to maternal and foetal health if left untreated. These tests help healthcare providers diagnose and manage conditions such as anaemia, infections, and immune system disorders, thus safeguarding the well-being of both mother and baby.

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Benefits of ANC Profile Tests

ANC profile tests offer numerous advantages in prenatal care, ensuring the health and well-being of both the mother and the foetus.

1. Early Detection of Abnormalities

These tests enable the early detection of potential health issues in both the mother and the foetus. By identifying abnormalities such as low or high ANC levels, ANC profile tests provide a valuable opportunity for healthcare providers to initiate timely interventions and treatments, minimising the risk of complications and promoting better health outcomes.

2. Timely Interventions and Treatments

ANC profile tests empower healthcare providers to administer timely interventions and treatments based on the results obtained. By addressing health issues promptly, these tests help mitigate risks and ensure the well-being of both mother and baby throughout the pregnancy journey.

3. Comprehensive Monitoring

ANC profile tests provide comprehensive monitoring of maternal health throughout pregnancy. They offer insights into various parameters, ensuring that ANC levels remain within the normal range.

4. Preventive Measures

With the information obtained from ANC profile tests, healthcare providers can implement preventive measures to mitigate risks and safeguard maternal and foetal health.

5. Optimising Pregnancy Experience

By ensuring ANC levels are within the normal range, ANC profile tests contribute to a healthier pregnancy experience for expectant mothers. Understanding what the ANC test in pregnancy entails empowers mothers to prioritise their health and well-being.

What Are the Tests Included in the ANC Profile?

The ANC profile comprises a series of tests crucial for monitoring maternal and foetal health during pregnancy:

1. Haemogram

This test assesses the mother's haemoglobin levels, essential for supporting foetal growth. Adequate haemoglobin levels, typically between 12-16 g/dL, are necessary. Low levels indicate iron deficiency or anaemia, requiring prompt intervention to ensure maternal and foetal well-being.

2. Blood Grouping

Blood grouping helps diagnose Rh incompatibility, crucial for preventing complications during childbirth. In cases of Rh-negative mothers with Rh-positive foetuses, immediate treatment is necessary to mitigate risks.

Book a Complete Blood Test

3. Blood Sugar

Monitoring blood sugar levels is vital as high levels can complicate pregnancy. Regular checks and management help maintain optimal maternal health and prevent adverse outcomes.

Book an HbA1c Test

4. Urine Routine

This test detects proteins, White Blood Cells (WBCs), and bacteria in the urine, indicating urinary tract infections (UTIs). Early detection allows for timely treatment to prevent complications.

Book a Complete Urine Test

5. HIV

Screening for HIV infection is essential early in pregnancy. Positive results necessitate close monitoring of the mother's health and planning for appropriate interventions, including caesarean section if needed.

6. HBsAg

Detection of Hepatitis B infection is crucial to prevent transmission to the foetus. Positive results require careful management to protect both mother and baby.


This test identifies syphilis, a sexually transmitted disease. Positive results prompt immediate measures to safeguard the health of the mother and the foetus.

8. Haemoglobin Electrophoresis

This test detects abnormal haemoglobins like Haemoglobin C and Haemoglobin E, which can affect oxygen transport and cause anaemia. Early identification allows for proper management and care.
It is imperative to undergo ANC profile testing at the appropriate time to monitor maternal and foetal health effectively. These tests play a pivotal role in ensuring a healthy pregnancy and childbirth by identifying and addressing potential health concerns promptly.


ANC profile tests, vital in the first trimester, are integral to prenatal care for expectant mothers. These assessments, including ANC levels, aid in monitoring maternal-foetal health, guiding interventions, and planning childbirth. Routine ANC profile testing, alongside diagnostic scans, ensures comprehensive ante-natal care, promoting optimal outcomes for both mother and baby. Prioritising ANC profile tests empowers expectant mothers to safeguard their health and ensure a healthier pregnancy journey.

Consult Apollo’s Gynaecologists


Frequently Asked Questions

What is the ANC profile test?

ANC profile test measures absolute neutrophil count (ANC) to assess maternal immune function and detect potential health issues during pregnancy.

ANC profile tests are generally carried out in the first trimester of pregnancy as part of routine ante-natal care to monitor maternal and foetal health.

Abnormal ANC levels, either low or high, may suggest underlying health conditions that require further evaluation and management by healthcare providers.

Yes, ANC profile tests are considered safe and routine procedures during pregnancy, providing valuable insights into maternal health without posing any significant risks to the mother or the foetus.

The frequency of ANC profile tests may vary based on individual health circumstances and healthcare provider recommendations, but they are usually performed at regular intervals throughout pregnancy to monitor maternal-foetal health effectively. 

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