Lab Tests specific Q&A
A Glucose Fasting test determines the quantity of glucose, or sugar, in your bloodstream. Your body turns the carbohydrates you consume into glucose, which you can use for energy. Blood glucose levels that are very high or low may indicate a significant medical problem, such as diabetes. Doctors frequently request a blood glucose test to help identify diabetes. Gestational diabetes, type 1 diabetes, and type 2 diabetes are the main conditions that are diagnosed or treated by glucose testing. Typically, the insulin hormone regulates how much sugar is present in your blood. However, if you have diabetes, your system either produces insufficient insulin or the insulin it does generate doesn't function effectively. Your blood sugar will increase as a result of this. Chronically high blood sugar levels can cause heart disease, renal damage, blindness, and other catastrophic diseases if left untreated. Due to the risk of seizures, paralysis, and even mortality, doctors view extremely low blood sugar as a medical emergency. There are various types of blood glucose tests that are employed to monitor abnormal blood glucose levels, including: Random (non-fasting) Fasting Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT), is a two-hour post-prandial test that is conducted following the consumption of food or liquid. These post-meal tests can demonstrate how effectively a person with diabetes is controlling their blood glucose levels The Apollo 24|7 blood glucose test is a fasting test that accurately determines how much glucose is present in the blood after an 8 - 10 hour fast. The Glucose Fasting test is performed to: Test for or identify diabetes and pre-diabetes Keep track of blood sugar levels in patients undergoing treatment Learn how blood sugar levels are impacted by diet and activity Recognize the effects of additional variables, such as stress or anxiety, on blood sugar levels Monitor your progress in achieving your overall treatment objectives Furthermore, testing for Hypoglycemia can occasionally be performed using blood glucose levels. Hypoglycemia is a condition that develops when blood glucose levels are too low, typically below 70 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL). People with diabetes who take too much insulin or engage in rigorous exercise or meal skipping risk of developing Hypoglycemia. Less frequently, various underlying diseases or drugs can result in Hypoglycemia. Similarly, a blood glucose test can also be used to diagnose Hyperglycemia, which is characterized by high blood glucose levels compared to the normal range. Values above 140 mg/dl indicate Hyperglycemia. These elevated blood sugar levels primarily result from insufficient or malfunctioning insulin. Medically reviewed by Dr. K Surya Pavan Reddy, Diabetologist at Apollo Hospitals Jubilee Hills,Hyderabad.
A Glucose Postprandial (PP), 2 hours (Post meal) test is also known as two hour PPG or two-hour post prandial blood sugar test. The term postprandial means after a meal. This test helps to detect diabetes. It measures the levels of glucose (sugar) after 2 hours a meal is taken. The glucose postprandial test is done: • To detect the presence of diabetes • To detect any other insulin-related disorder • To screen for gestational diabetes (diabetes at the time of pregnancy)
A glucose, random test is also known as random blood glucose test. This test measures the amount of glucose (sugar) present in the blood. The Glucose random blood test is done: • To screen or detect pre-diabetes and diabetes • To detect abnormal levels of glucose (sugar) in the blood such as hyperglycemia (high blood glucose) or hypoglycemia (low blood glucose) • To monitor the levels of glucose (sugar) in the blood in diabetics undergoing treatment
Complete blood count (CBC) is used to detect a wide range of blood disorders including anaemia, leukaemia and thrombocytopenia. A CBC test can also help analyse any infections in your body. Apollo 24|7’s CBC test price is extremely competitive and the brand utilises the latest technologies to assess the results. The CBC test is often recommended by doctors as the initial blood test to determine diseases or disorders. The CBC test offers an analysis of leucocyte count, Haemoglobin levels, and platelet count, which together determine how healthy your blood is. This analysis helps doctors determine the right treatment and medications for you. A CBC test is almost definite for anaemic patients for it charts out the haemoglobin levels and platelet count which are two crucial parameters to understand if the anaemia is worsening or under control. By providing the details on leukocytes count, a CBC test can easily help identify the amount of white blood cells in your blood which can further help understand if you are at risk of cancer. Hence, CBC test can be considered as one of the most important lab tests that are almost referred to all the patients to understand how their body is reacting to the infection. The National Health Portal, India, has set the normal range for the CBC test. It suggests that the normal levels of haemoglobin for males should be between 13.8 to 17.2 grams per deciliter of blood (gm/dl) and for women it should be between 12.1 to 15.1 gm/dl. For children it should be between 11 to 16 gm/dl and for pregnant women it should be between 11 to 15.1 gm/dl. Who should get the CBC blood test done? People who are having fever People who are experiencing fatigue, shortness of breath and weakness People who are having gum bleed, or blood in vomiting, or in urine, or having black stools People who are opting for an annual health check-up Medically reviewed by Dr Shakti, General Physician/Internal Medicine at Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals, New Delhi