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Anti Phospholipid Antibody IgG And IgM

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₹165 cashback

Effective price: ₹1485

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    Age group

    Above 10 years

    The human body has proteins called antibodies which play a key role in the functioning of the immune system. The human body produces natural antibodies when exposed to antigens, like dust, pollen, or bacteria. The B-lymphocytes in the body are responsible for the production of antigens via immunoglobulins. It is also possible to create synthetic antibodies thanks to recombinant antibody biopanning.

    Five types of antibodies or immunoglobulin isotypes are present in the human body. Each one has different functions and is distributed differently within the body. These are:

    • IgA 
    • IgD
    • IgE
    • IgG
    • IgM

    Among these, the IgM and IgG isotypes are the most important ones. IgG is the primary antibody in the blood. It is exceedingly efficient in binding toxins and bacteria and is perhaps the most vital antibody in your immune system. The IgM isotypes act as the initial immune system defence of the body.

    Despite being essential to healthy living, antibodies can sometimes cause problems. Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is a condition where the immune system produces excessive antiphospholipid antibodies, causing blood to clot. The condition can worsen in the presence of other autoimmune conditions, e.g., lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic sclerosis, etc.

    Although symptoms may not always be visible in antiphospholipid syndrome, the blood clots can be dangerous, especially in the following conditions:

    • During pregnancy 
    • Consuming oral contraceptives 
    • Undergoing estrogen therapy 
    • Being immobile due to long flights, complete bed rest, etc. 
    • Cigarette smoking 
    • Surgery 
    • High cholesterol 
    • Increased level of triglycerides 
    • HIV 
    • Tumors in the lung, colon, etc. 
    • Lymphomas 
    • Leukemia

    The results can be fatal as the disease can cause: 

    • Complications during pregnancy, like pre-eclampsia, miscarriage, or stillbirth 
    • Cardiovascular problems 
    • Lung problems 
    • A stroke 
    • Kidney failure

    Anti-Phospholipid Antibody IgG and IgM Test or APLA IgM test can help diagnose several complications in this case. Although there is no permanent cure for antiphospholipid syndrome, the patient can have a successful pregnancy.

    It may not always be possible to detect visible symptoms. Doctors prescribe the antiphospholipid IgG and IgM tests in cases like:

    • Repetitive miscarriages, especially in the 2nd or 3rd trimester
    • Recurring blood clots for no apparent reason 
    • Routine evaluation of the antiphospholipid disorder 
    • Diagnosis of autoimmune disorders 
    • Prolonged PTT test (partial thromboplastin time)

    It is possible to detect the antiphospholipid antibodies that bind to the blood with the APL IgM test. The ELISA-based screening test requires a blood sample drawn from the veins of your arm. Both the Anti-Phospholipid Antibody IgG and Anti Phospholipid Antibody IgM tests are needed to detect both isotypes.

    The sample collection process is a simple blood test. It may even be possible to do a "fingerstick" test or heel-stick collection for children. You can get a package covering both the tests from Apollo 24|7.

    Upon detection of antiphospholipid syndrome, the doctor may ask you to avoid foods rich in Vitamin K, like cabbage, broccoli, and leafy grains. The doctor may even prescribe medications, like aspirin, if you have no previous history of blood clotting but are aPL-positive. 

    Medically reviewed by Dr. Soumya Bhattacharya, Haematologist, Apollo Multispeciality Hospitals, Kolkata.

    faqFrequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

    Frequently asked questions

    If you are below the age of 50 and suffering from arterial thrombosis or have noticed unprovoked venous thrombosis, you should get tested. It is a routine checkup for pregnant women, but adults and children can also get tested for unusual thrombosis, recurrent thrombosis, thrombotic microangiopathy, etc.
     You can receive the aPL IgM test results in a week. You may be required to undergo the test after a 12-week gap to confirm the abnormalities in the blood test. The reason is that often the normal antiphospholipid antibodies develop in shorter periods.
    Antiphospholipid syndrome or APS is not hereditary like other conditions, like sickle cell anemia or hemophilia. However, if a family member is diagnosed with the disease, one may be at a higher risk of the condition.
    A blood sample is collected via the venipuncture method and sent to the lab for testing. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay or ELISA test is done to detect the abnormal Antiphospholipid antibodies or APLA. The most common method for this is the Anti-Phospholipid Antibody IgG and IgM Test.
    If diagnosed at an early stage, it is possible to retain your lifestyle through medication and lifestyle changes. However, the disease is not permanently curable. Most patients may be able to go back to leading a normal life, but some may suffer from sudden blood clotting issues despite undergoing aggressive therapy.
    Yes, patients who have been diagnosed with the primary antiphospholipid syndrome can perform physical activities. The disease is associated with cardiovascular morbidity, and acute physical activity may help lower the chance of mortality. However, there is no evidence available to support such facts.

    Why should Apollo be your preferred healthcare partner?

    • 36 Years of legacy and credibility in the healthcare industry.
    • NABL certified multi-channel digital healthcare platform.
    • Affordable diagnostic solutions with timely and accurate test results.
    • Up to 60% discount on Doorstep Diagnostic Tests, Home Sample Collection.
    • An inventory of over 100+ laboratories, spread across the country, operating out of 50+ cities with 700+ collection centres, serving over 1800+ pin codes.

    The information mentioned above is meant for educational purposes only and should not be taken as a substitute to your Physician’s advice. It is highly recommended that the customer consults with a qualified healthcare professional to interpret test results

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