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Dyslexia Symptoms & Treatments: Know All About This Learning Disorder

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By Apollo 24|7, Published on- 28 October 2022

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We are often quick to judge children or young adults when they are unable to learn a concept or make silly mistakes while writing something in their school work. Little do you know, these could be a sign of a learning disability. If you watched the movie Taare Zameen Par, you will be quick to understand what we are about to discuss in this article. Here we're talking about a learning disability known as dyslexia.

What is Dyslexia?

Dyslexia is a common learning disorder that causes difficulty in learning, reading, writing, and spelling. In fact, it is one of the most common learning disabilities found in children and persists throughout an individual’s life.

People with dyslexia often find it challenging to identify speech sounds and relate letters and words to these sounds. As a result, learning becomes challenging for them. Dyslexia does not cause any problems with intelligence, hearing, or vision. Children with this condition can succeed in school with additional support and tutoring.

Common Signs and Symptoms of Dyslexia

The signs and symptoms of dyslexia are difficult to recognize, especially before a child enters school. The symptoms of dyslexia in adults vary from those in children. However, here are some clues to look out for:

  • Delayed talking
  • Picking up new words slowly
  • Difficulty in forming new words correctly, for example, reversing sounds in words or confusing words that sound alike
  • Problems remembering letters, numbers, or colours
  • Difficulty in learning nursery rhymes

When a child is of school-going age, signs, and symptoms of dyslexia become more apparent. They are listed here:

  • Reading skills below the expected or average for the age
  • Difficulty in processing or understanding what they hear
  • Finding it difficult to form answers to questions
  • Difficulty in remembering sequences and spelling
  • Finding it challenging to pronounce unfamiliar words
  • Avoiding activities that involve reading or writing
  • Taking unusually long to complete tasks that involve reading and writing
  • Mis-pronouncing words as the child go to higher grades
  • Difficulty in learning a foreign language

Can Dyslexia Be Treated?

There is no cure for dyslexia. However, early evaluation, diagnosis, prompt, and effective intervention can help people with this condition learn just like their peers. If you notice your child struggling with their school work or suspect they may have dyslexia, consult their paediatrician. It is also important that you speak to your child’s teachers at school.

Some management techniques used to help children with dyslexia are listed here:

1. Educational techniques

Specialized techniques involving hearing, vision, and touch can help improve a child’s reading skills. Some teachers are trained to help children use all their senses to help process information and learn. This can help the child understand phonics, train to summarise, improve fluency, and build a vocabulary of words.

2. Personalized coaching

Personalized tutoring and coaching with a dyslexia specialist can help children with dyslexia. The type and frequency of tutoring depending on the severity of the condition. Progress may be slow initially but many children with dyslexia eventually become good learners.

3. Early treatment

Early intervention in children with dyslexia helps them learn, read, and write well. Children who get extra help in kindergarten or grade 1 are more receptive to learning. Children with dyslexia who do not get professional help until their higher grades find it more difficult to read and learn.

4. Parents' contribution

Here are some ways in which parents can help if their child has dyslexia:

  • Detect and address the problem early.
  • Be a part of your child’s learning by reading out stories or lessons out aloud with them.
  • Work with your child’s school.

Dyslexia is not a disease but a learning condition. Though it cannot be cured, timely intervention can help children learn and read and go on to excel in their academics.

Think your child is showing signs of dyslexia?

Consult An Apollo Neurologist

 

Medically reviewed by Dr Sonia Bhatt.

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