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Is Your Monsoon Fever a Sign of Typhoid?

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By Apollo 24|7, Published on- 08 July 2022, Updated on - 26 August 2022

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With the arrival of the monsoon, the prolonged spell of searing heat has finally drawn to a close. However, the rainy season has also created a favourable environment for the growth of bacteria and viruses, some of which are carriers of waterborne diseases. Typhoid is one such waterborne disease whose risk rises significantly during the monsoon. One of the first signs of typhoid is fever. However, fever is also a sign of several other diseases, thus, the diagnosis cannot be confirmed until the results of medical tests reveal the exact cause. Read the article below to know if your monsoon fever is a sign of typhoid. 

 

What causes typhoid?

Typhoid is a serious medical condition that is caused by a bacterium known as Salmonella typhimurium (S. typhi). The infection from the bacterium often spreads when a healthy individual consumes food or water contaminated with stool or urine of an infected person. Once exposed to the bacteria, the healthy individual gets infected and develops typhoid. 

 

What are the signs of typhoid? 

Apart from high fever, other symptoms of typhoid include:  

  • Weakness
  • Headaches
  • Abdominal pain
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea
  • Bloating
  • Constipation
  • Diarrhoea

diarrhoea

 

Can typhoid result in health complications?

Without timely diagnosis and treatment, typhoid can cause life-threatening complications. One of the most severe complications of typhoid is intestinal bleeding, which is marked by the development of holes in the intestine. The holes cause leakage of contents from the intestine into the stomach, resulting in stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, and sepsis (infection of the bloodstream). 

Some of the other less common complications linked to typhoid include: 

  • Myocarditis (inflammation of the heart muscle)
  • Endocarditis (inflammation in the lining of heart muscles)
  • Pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas)
  • Meningitis (infection and inflammation in the brain and spinal cord)
  • Infection of the kidney or bladder
  • Pneumonia 

pneumonia

 

When should you consult a doctor? 

If you experience any of the aforementioned symptoms or complications, then you should immediately consult a physician. The doctor would collect a small sample of your blood, stool, urine or bone marrow to look for the presence of S. typhi bacteria. Upon diagnosis of typhoid, you will be prescribed antibiotic therapy. Ciprofloxacin, azithromycin, and ceftriaxone are some of the antibiotics that are commonly used to treat typhoid. In rare cases, surgery may be required to address intestinal bleeding. 

 

 

Can typhoid be prevented? 

The risk of typhoid is significantly higher in places that lack access to safe drinking water and sanitation facilities. People living in such places can reduce their risk of infection by:

  • Washing hands using soap and water before eating or preparing food and after using the toilet. One can also use an alcohol-based sanitiser when soap and water are unavailable. 
  • Drinking only bottled or purified water. Contaminated water is one of the major causes of typhoid infection. 
  • Avoiding the intake of raw vegetables and fruits, especially those that can’t be peeled. Remember to wash vegetables properly before cooking. 
  • Eating hot or steaming foods as bacteria can’t live or grow on such foods. Avoid intake of foods that have been stored, prepared or served at room temperature.
    hot food                      

 

Fever is a common health issue that can have multiple causes. However, it can be an early sign of typhoid during the monsoon season. If you experience any of the aforementioned symptoms alongside fever, consult a qualified physician immediately.

 

Consult an Apollo Specialist

 

Medically reviewed by Dr Sonia Bhatt.

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