Can I expect diabetes patients have normal life?
Yes, absolutely a Diabetic patient can lead a normal life when it is managed properly with proper diet, physical acitivity, being compliant with medications and regulat doctor visits.
Blood sugar, or glucose, is the main sugar found in your blood. It comes from the food you eat, and is your body's main source of energy. Your blood carries glucose to all of your body's cells to use for energy. Diabetes is a disease in which your blood sugar levels are too high.
Few symptoms are increased thirst, extreme hunger, unexplained weight loss, frequent urination, fatigue, irritability, blurred vision, slow healing wounds and frequent infections. Treatment is either tablets or insulin to control blood sugar levels along with life style modifications (Diet + exercise)
Diabetes when uncontrolled can cause sudden increase in blood sugar level causing an emergency called Diabetic ketoacidosis which can be life threatening if not treated in time. Also, long standing Diabetes may lead to organ damage which can be fatal.
Persistent high sugars increase the risk of organ damage and complications of Diabetes mellitus. Sometimes, patient may even land up in emergency such as diabetic ketoacidosis.
Diabetes is condition for which exact cause is unknown. But being unhealthy interms of obesity and other comorbid conditions increase the risk of developing diabetes, there are other causes such as family history/ presence of autoantibodies/ polycystic ovarian syndrome etc which increase the risk.