How is Diabetes mellitus diagnosed?
Fasting blood sugar of 126 mg/dl or more, post prandial blood sugar of 200 or more with glycated hemoglobin of 6.5% or more.
Diabetic patients with hypoglycemia or using insulin can impair nitric oxide production and low sugar leads to catecholamie response which inturn increase the blood pressure.
Ketogenic lifestyle dictates a person to have high protein and fat with low or zero carbohydrate diet which may affect metabolic acidosis. High protein diet may hasten kidney failure.
Prefer foods lower in fats, sugar/salt and calories and higher in fiber. Focus on fruits, green vegetables and whole grains. Regular physical activity, take medicines and have regular doctors visits.
In most patients Diabetes does not show any symptoms or signs. Few symptoms are increased thirst, extreme hunger, unexplained weight loss, frequent urination, fatigue, irritability, blurred vision, slow healing wounds and frequent infections.