When the glucose enters your cells, the amount of glucose in your bloodstream falls. If you have type 1 diabetes, your pancreas doesn't secrete insulin — which causes a buildup of glucose in your bloodstream. Without insulin, the glucose can't get into your cells.
Symptoms and signs include decreased urine output, fluid retention causing swelling in your legs/ ankles or feet, shortness of breath, fatigue, confusion, nausea, weakness, irregular heartbeat, chest pain or pressure and seizures or coma in severe case.
Pregnant women with elevated blood sugar levels may increase the risk of blood vessel dysfunction and congenital heart defects in the child
The pancreas is unable to produce enough insulin to manage blood sugar levels.
Yes with time, raised blood sugar levels can damage the blood vessels and nerves that control the heart. Additionally, people with diabetes are also more likely to have other conditions that raise the risk for heart disease such as high blood pressure and deranged cholesterol or triglyceride levels.