How does diabetes affect the feet specifically?
Diabetes affects nerves which reduce one's sensitivity to pain from wound leading to repetitive traumas, wounds can get infected which may not heal fastly due to reduced blood supply. Sometimes, a bad infection never heals. The infection might lead to gangrene and amputation.
Blood sugar level is fixed by diet / life style modifications/ exercise by the patient and medication advise by the doctor.
Normal saline drips helps in correction of hydration in Diabetic emergencies such as Diabetic ketoacidosis. Proper hydration will decrease counterregulatory hormones and lower blood glucose, which should augment insulin sensitivity.
It's a proposed term for elderly persons who are lean and have insulin resistance leading to diabetes.
It is not possible for type 2 diabetes to turn into type 1 diabetes. However, a person who originally receives a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes may still get a separate diagnosis of type 1 at a later date. Type 2 diabetes is the most common type, so a doctor might initially suspect that an adult with diabetes has type 2.