Treatment is either tablets or insulin to control blood sugar levels along with life style modifications (Diet + exercise).
Diabetes when uncontrolled can cause sudden increase in blood sugar level causing an emergency called Diabetic ketoacidosis which can be life threatening if not treated in time. Also, long standing Diabetes may lead to organ damage which can be fatal.
Few fruits are oranges, melon, berries, apples, bananas, grapes and are to be taken in moderation, also in fresh form.
Babies of GDM mothers may have more birth weight, preterm birth and respiratory distress, low blood sugar shortly after birth and hypoglycemic seizures, still birth and obesity/ diabetes later in their life.
With time, raised blood sugar levels can damage the blood vessels and nerves that control the heart. Additionally, people with diabetes are also more likely to have other conditions that raise the risk for heart disease such as high blood pressure and deranged cholesterol or triglyceride levels.