What are the heart disease causes & risk factors?
With time, raised blood sugar levels can damage the blood vessels and nerves that control the heart. Additionally, people with diabetes are also more likely to have other conditions that raise the risk for heart disease such as high blood pressure and deranged cholesterol or triglyceride levels.
Hypertension might not cause Diabetes directly but increases the risk. People with high blood pressure usually have insulin resistance leading to Diabetes compared to those with typical blood pressure.
Foods and drinks with high glycemic index are to be avoided by Diabetic patients. Few foods/drinks are fried foods and other foods high in saturated fat and trans fat, foods high in salt, sweets such as baked goods, candy, and ice cream, beverages with added sugars such as juice, regular soda, and regular sports or energy drinks.
Lemon if used in place of salt to flavour the dishes can help in decreasing blood pressure.
Prefer foods lower in fats, sugar and calories and higher in fiber. Focus on fruits, green vegetables and whole grains. Regular physical activity.
Physical exercise lowers blood glucose levels and blood pressure, improves blood flow, burns extra calories so you can keep your weight down if needed, improves your mood, can prevent falls and improve memory in older adults, may help you sleep better. Start exercising after speaking to a doctor, start slowly and increase. Few types are walking briskly or hiking, climbing stairs, swimming or a water-aerobics class, dancing, riding a bicycle or a stationary bicycle, taking an exercise class, playing basketball, tennis, or other sports