Which department does diabetes come under?
Internal medicine specialist or Diabetologist.
Diagnosed when fasting blood sugar of 126 mg/dl or more, post prandial blood sugar of 200 or more with glycated hemoglobin of 6.5% or more.Treatment is either tablets or insulin to control blood sugar levels along with life style modifications (Diet + exercise).
1 gram of pure glucose will raise your blood sugar about 5 mg/dl, although it may vary with person's weight, Diabetes status and current blood sugar level.
With time, raised blood sugar levels can damage the blood vessels and nerves that control the heart. Additionally, people with diabetes are also more likely to have other conditions that raise the risk for heart disease such as high blood pressure and deranged cholesterol or triglyceride levels.