Why are diabetes patients called 'sugar patients'?
Diabetes is a medical condition in which blood sugar levels are uncontrolled leading to complications and hence called as "sugar patients".
Diabetes mellitus causes blood vessel damage, vascular remodelling leading to increased peripheral artery resistance. Also, body fluid volume increases in response to insulin resistance-induced hyperinsulinemia and hyperglycemia. Both increased peripheral vascular resistance and body fluid volume lead to increase in systemic blood pressure causing Hypertension.
Exact cause is unknown but most appreciated hypothesis is either low insulin or insulin resistance due to genetic +/- environmental factors. Symptoms and signs include increased thirst, extreme hunger, unexplained weight loss, frequent urination, fatigue, irritability, blurred vision, slow healing wounds, presence of ketones in urine, fruity odour and frequent infections.Treatment is either tablets or insulin to control blood sugar levels along with life style modifications (Diet + exercise).
Irrespective of type 1 or 2, Diabetes can be inherited and is linked to your family history and genetics but environmental factors also play a role. Not everyone with a family history of diabetes will get it, but you're more likely to develop it if a parent or sibling has it.
Few fruits are oranges, melon, berries, apples, bananas, grapes and are to be taken in moderation, also in fresh form.