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CMV IgM

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    Both

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    Age group

    Above 10 years

    The CMV IgM Test is used to detect the presence of an infection caused by Cytomegalovirus (CMV). Many people have this virus but are unaware of it since they don't experience any symptoms. The disease doesn’t cause any problems for healthy people due to their strong immunity.

    However, CMV might be a problem if you have weak immunity or are pregnant. A weak immune system can cause several symptoms and complications. People who have recently had a bone marrow or organ transplant are at maximum risk of contracting the disease since their immune system is already compromised.

    Moreover, CMV is quite risky for people with HIV as well. It might give rise to an eye infection (retinitis), which can later cause permanent blindness. Retinitis, paired with CMV, is also called an AIDS-defining condition. CMV can also affect the brain, nerves, intestines, oesophagus, etc. and cause further complications.

    There are three basic types of CMV infections:

    • Congenital: Passed down from mother to child at birth.
    • Primary: When someone contracts the CMV virus for the first time. 
    • Reactivation: When the infection has been dormant for quite some time and reappears when your immune system is compromised. This can be due to a transplant, HIV, etc.

    If you have CMV and you are about to give birth, there is a chance you might pass it on to your baby and the baby might be born with the following symptoms:

    • Low birth weight 
    • Enlarged spleen 
    • Seizures
    • Pneumonia 
    • Premature birth
    • Hearing loss
    • Liver inflammation 
    • Purple skin rashes or splotches
    • Yellow skin and eyes
    • Abnormally small head

    In the case of primary or reactivation CMV, the onset of the disease is marked by the following symptoms:

    • Muscle aches
    • Fever 
    • Fatigue
    • Sore throat 
    • Dry cough 
    • Shortness of breath

    Apollo 24|7 offers a comprehensive CMV IgM test to detect the presence of CMV in affected people.
    You should undergo a diagnosis:

    • If you have weakened immunity and feel that you are exhibiting the symptoms of CMV.
    • If you have had a stem cell or organ transplant recently. 
    • If you have a mononucleosis-like illness during pregnancy


    Medically reviewed by Dr. Naveen Polavarapu, Gastroenterologist, Apollo Hospitals Jubilee Hills, Hyderabad

    faqFrequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

    Frequently asked questions

    People who are in close contact with CMV-affected children are at risk of contracting the disease themselves. The disease can survive on the child’s body fluids like urine, saliva, etc., for months. One out of every three children has CMV by the age of 5. However, they usually don’t exhibit any notable symptoms.
    According to recent reports, the annual mortality rate for CMV infections has increased by 42%. This means that if you are infected with CMV, you will have a 3.7 years lower life expectancy from age 65.
    The CMV virus stays in your body even after you have been in remission for quite some time. The virus can remain in your body for life and hence can reactivate later. However, people infected with CMV generally don't exhibit symptoms and might not even know they have the virus.
    Yes, you can fight CMV naturally. Your aim should be to suppress the CMV in your system, and one of the most effective and easy way to do this is by bolstering natural killer cell activity. This can be done by getting on a four-month course of enzymatically modified rice bran, paired with a sixty-day course of Cimetidine (an over-the-counter drug). This can help fight CMV naturally by boosting antiviral activity.
    Babies born with CMV are exposed to a risk of long-term health issues such as vision loss, hearing loss, etc. Here are some of the signs that your baby is born with CMV: Seizures Spleen, lung, and liver problems Small head size Rash Intellectual disability
    No, there are no such risks associated with the CVM IgM test. The test uses a blood sample; hence, the most that can happen is light bleeding or rashes at the point of contact with the needle.

    Why should Apollo be your preferred healthcare partner?

    • 36 Years of legacy and credibility in the healthcare industry.
    • NABL certified multi-channel digital healthcare platform.
    • Affordable diagnostic solutions with timely and accurate test results.
    • Up to 60% discount on Doorstep Diagnostic Tests, Home Sample Collection.
    • An inventory of over 100+ laboratories, spread across the country, operating out of 50+ cities with 700+ collection centres, serving over 1800+ pin codes.

    The information mentioned above is meant for educational purposes only and should not be taken as a substitute to your Physician’s advice. It is highly recommended that the customer consults with a qualified healthcare professional to interpret test results

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