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All You Need To Know About Caring For Oily Skin

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By Apollo 24/7, Published on- 31 January 2022, Updated on - 10 August 2022

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Greasy face, open pores, acne—oily skin comes with different kinds of dermatological issues. Everyone has sebaceous glands under their skin that release an oil called sebum. Sebum is necessary to keep the skin moist and hydrated. However, these glands can be hyperactive in some people, resulting in the release of excessive oil on the skin. Let us understand more about the causes and ways to deal with oily skin.

 

What causes oily skin?

The most common causes of oily skin include: 

  • Family history: People who have a parent with oily skin are more likely to have oily skin themselves. Studies have shown that overactive sebaceous glands can be passed on genetically.
  • Environment: Hot and humid climates can result in excessive production of sebum.
  • Hormonal medications: Some medicines such as oral contraceptives and hormone-replacement-therapy medications can lead to the production of extra sebum, resulting in oily skin.
  • Skin damage: Using harsh skincare products, washing the face too frequently, or exfoliating vigorously can trigger the production of extra sebum.

 

How to manage oily skin?

Here are some measures that can help in managing oily skin.

  • Keep your hands off your face: Touching your face too often can expose it to dirt and microorganisms that could trigger acne.
  • Keep skin clean: Wash your face twice a day (morning and evening) to prevent the accumulation of excess sebum. You should also wash your face immediately after exercising. Do not scrub as it irritates the skin.
  • Use skin-friendly products: Avoid using skin care products that contain alcohol or oil as they can irritate the skin and trigger the release of excess sebum. Use gentle face washes with no fragrance to cleanse the face.
  • Read the label carefully: Choose skincare products that are labelled ‘non-comedogenic’ and ‘oil free’ as they do not cause clogging of pores and acne. Do not use products containing coconut oil, cocoa butter, silicone, or petroleum jelly. 
  • Keep skin hydrated: Drink at least 2 litres of water to stay hydrated. Do not forget to use a non-comedogenic moisturizer to keep the skin supple. 
  • Protect skin from sun exposure: Use an oil and fragrance-free sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher to protect the skin from harmful ultraviolet rays and premature ageing. 
  • Remove makeup before sleeping: Do not sleep with makeup on. Use a water-based makeup remover to clean the face and wash thoroughly afterwards. 
  • Use home remedies cautiously: While some people believe that using turmeric, coffee, toothpaste, and aspirin on the face can help reduce breakouts, none of them have been scientifically proven to reduce acne. 
  • Eat a healthy diet: Limit the consumption of processed and baked foods as they are high in carbohydrates, and sugar can cause acne. Consume foods rich in vitamin C, fibre, nuts, and seeds as they provide healthy fats to the body and also nourish the skin. 
  • Visit a dermatologist: Consult a dermatologist to get treatment for stubborn acne and other dermatological issues. 

 

Recommended read: Top Tips To Maintain A Healthy Skin

What skincare regime should be followed by those with oily skin?

Dr Satyabrata Tripathy, a dermatologist associated with Apollo 24|7, states that “Oily skin is basically due to excessive activity and secretion from sebaceous glands (oil releasing glands present under the skin) that are controlled by androgenic hormones. Individuals having excess androgens, like in the case of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome, would have excess oil secretion and acne. In general, people with oily skin should avoid milk and dairy products, consume less fat and carbohydrates, and exercise daily. Furthermore, regular cleansing with a gentle oil control cleanser 3 times a day will reduce the oil from the skin. It is also advised to avoid exposure to extremely hot and humid environments. If your skin feels too oily or has too frequent breakouts, consult a dermatologist.“

Oily skin can be difficult to deal with. While one cannot change one’s skin type, using appropriate skin care products, keeping the skin hydrated, and maintaining a healthy diet can help reduce excess oil discharge from the skin. Instead of trying home remedies, one should visit a dermatologist for their skin concerns.

If you have any skin-related queries,

Consult Dr Satyabrata Tripathy Now

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