Diabetes Management

Coronary Artery Disease in the Diabetic Population

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By Apollo 24|7, Published on - 24 June 2024

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It's no news that diabetes is a serious health condition that necessitates careful management. However, did you know there's a significant link between diabetes and coronary artery disease (CAD)? It's a sobering reality that individuals with diabetes have a two to four times higher risk of developing CAD as compared to non-diabetic individuals.

Risk and Prevention

Several factors contribute to this increased risk. Traditional cardiovascular risk factors such as obesity, hypertension (high blood pressure), and dyslipidemia (abnormal lipids in the blood) are more prevalent in diabetic individuals. When combined with diabetes, these conditions can double the risk of heart disease.

Moreover, high blood sugar levels can cause harmful biological changes, such as increased oxidative stress, inflammation, endothelial dysfunction (improper functioning of blood vessels), and abnormal blood clotting. Over time, these factors can damage the blood vessels and nerves that control the heart.

The possibility of CAD increases as one transitions from being non-diabetic to prediabetic to diabetic. Diabetic individuals with significant CAD have the highest risk of experiencing adverse events like death, myocardial infarction (heart attack), and unstable angina (chest pain).

Effective Management for Improved Health

Although these realities can be daunting, understanding them can empower one to take charge of one's health. Proper management of diabetes, which includes lifestyle changes and medications as well as treatment of other risk factors, is crucial for reducing the risk of heart disease. Regular medical tests such as coronary CT angiography followed by selective functional testing can also help diagnose and predict the risk of CAD in diabetic patients.

The Apollo Super 6 programme is a comprehensive support system for managing Type 2 diabetes through lifestyle modifications and personalised guidance. Its focus on dietary improvement, increased physical activity, and ongoing assistance has shown success in reducing HbA1c levels, weight, and blood sugar while enhancing active lifestyles and sleep quality.

To sum up, the connection between diabetes and CAD is strong and multifactorial, contributing to high cardiovascular morbidity (disease rate) and mortality (death rate). However, with proactive prevention and management of both conditions, one can live a healthier life.


Diabetes Management

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