Diabetes Management

Understanding Gestational Diabetes: Indications and the Importance of Screening

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Gestational diabetes, a form of glucose intolerance that develops during pregnancy, is a rising health concern in India. The surge in prevalence, particularly among urban dwellers, demands increased awareness and timely intervention to safeguard the well-being of both mother and baby.

Recognizing the Indications

Most women with gestational diabetes do not exhibit noticeable symptoms, making regular screening crucial. However, some may experience excessive thirst, frequent urination, fatigue, or blurred vision. If you notice any of these signs, consult your doctor immediately.

Screening: Key to Early Detection

Screening for gestational diabetes typically takes place between the 24th and 28th weeks of pregnancy. The universal screening process recommended for gestational diabetes involves a simple, non-fasting Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT). Timely screening allows for early detection and management, reducing potential complications for both mother and baby.

Risk Factors

Risk factors commonly associated with gestational diabetes include being pre-diabetic, having a family history of diabetes, living a sedentary lifestyle, and conditions like polycystic ovary syndrome and nutritional deficiencies. It is important to inform your doctor about any known risk factors to avoid complications during pregnancy.

Impact and Management of Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes poses adverse outcomes for both the mother and baby. These can include pre-eclampsia, increased risk of type 2 diabetes later in life, excessive birth weight, early labour, and potential long-term health issues for the baby such as obesity and type 2 diabetes.

Effective management of gestational diabetes often involves lifestyle modifications such as dietary changes and physical activity. In fact, up to 85% of women can control their blood sugar levels with these modifications alone. For others, medication may be necessary. By focusing on evidence-based lifestyle changes, regular doctor consultations, and leveraging health-tech solutions, the impact of gestational diabetes can be minimized for healthier pregnancies and outcomes.

Diabetes Management

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