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Easy and Effective Tips To Prevent 7 Most Common Monsoon Diseases

By Apollo 24|7, Published on- 28 June 2022, Updated on - 08 August 2022

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While monsoon has hit several states of the nation, many are still waiting for the rain gods to pour some showers soon. Along with a cool breeze and soothing petrichor, the monsoon gives birth to several seasonal diseases such as diarrhoea, dengue, and many others. This article addresses 7 such monsoon diseases and the ways to prevent them.

 

1. Diarrhoea

While diarrhoea can happen at any time of the year, poor sanitation and contaminated water during monsoon increase the risk. The person may experience loose watery stool, abdominal cramps, mucus in stool, and nausea. 

 

2. Dengue

Dengue is a viral disease that spreads to people through the bite of an infected Aedes mosquito. The affected person may experience high fever, rashes, headaches, and joint pain. If not treated, dengue can result in internal bleeding and even death.

dengue

 

3. Typhoid

Typhoid is a bacterial infection caused by Salmonella typhi. Typhoid usually occurs due to contaminated food and water. The affected person may experience high temperature, headache, fatigue, constipation, and vomiting. 

 

4. Conjunctivitis

Also known as pink eye, conjunctivitis can be caused by viruses or bacteria. Due to increased moisture in the air during monsoon, the risk of conjunctivitis increases significantly. The affected person may experience redness, swelling, itching, pain, and discharge from the eyes.

conjunctivitis

 

5. Chikungunya

Chikungunya is a viral disease that spreads by the bite of a mosquito infected with the chikungunya virus. The affected person may experience fever, joint pain and swelling, headache, and rash. 

 

6. Influenza

Also called flu, influenza is a viral disease that attacks the respiratory system and can result in severe infection. The affected person may experience fever with chills, runny nose, aching muscles, dry cough, and sore throat. If not treated, it can result in difficulty in breathing, chest pain, and seizures. 

flu

 

7. Malaria

Malaria is a parasitic disease, which is transmitted through the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito. The affected person may experience a high fever with chills, fatigue, nausea, diarrhoea, and abdominal pain. 

 

How to prevent these monsoon diseases?

Some of the effective ways to prevent the aforementioned monsoon diseases are:

  • Close windows and doors in the evening as mosquitoes are most active during and post-sunset.
  • Use mosquito nets while sleeping. 
  • Wear full-sleeved clothes to keep the body covered. 
  • Use repellents containing 50% DEET (combination of chemicals), picaridin, and para-menthane-diol, as they are effective against mosquitos and other insects.
  • Empty and dry containers such as coolers, planters, garbage containers, and buckets as mosquitoes can breed in still water.
  • Add vitamin C to the diet or use over-the-counter available supplements to help boost immunity. 
  • Get vaccinated against influenza by getting flu shots every year. 
  • Drink filtered water.
  • Avoid eating uncovered foods from roadside vendors. 
  • Wash your hands with soap and water before eating food.

Most monsoon infections are self-resolving, however, if left unchecked and untreated, they can develop into severe life-threatening complications. To reduce the risk of these infections, keep your surroundings clean, avoid stagnation of water, disinfect standing water, and use mosquito repellents.

For more information,

 

Consult an Apollo Specialist

 

Medically reviewed by Dr Sonia Bhatt.

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