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Diabetes Management

What Are The Macrovascular Complications Of Diabetes?

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By Apollo 24|7, Published on - 09 July 2024

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Diabetes, a condition marked by high blood glucose levels, can lead to countless complications, when not controlled and managed well. One such complication category is macrovascular complications, which occur due to changes in the large blood vessels, including the coronary arteries, the aorta, and the large arteries in the brain and limbs in individuals with diabetes.

Understanding Macrovascular Complications

Macrovascular complications mainly involve issues with the arteries, which are large blood vessels that carry oxygen-rich blood from the heart to other parts of the body. Diabetes can cause damage to these arteries, leading to serious health problems, such as:

  • Coronary Heart Disease: This is a condition characterised by the build-up of plaque in the coronary arteries, restricting blood flow to the heart. Diabetes can significantly increase the risk of developing this condition.
  • Cerebrovascular Disease: Diabetes can impair blood flow to the brain, increasing the risk of strokes and other cerebrovascular events.
  • Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD): In those with diabetes, there is an increased risk of PAD, which involves the narrowing of the arteries in the legs and limbs. This can lead to pain, gangrene, and an increased risk of amputation.
  • Cardiomyopathy and Arrhythmias: These are conditions caused by structural and functional changes to the heart muscle due to diabetes, increasing the risk of heart failure and abnormal heart rhythms.

Managing Macrovascular Complications

The common factors linking diabetes to these macrovascular complications include high blood sugar levels, insulin resistance, dyslipidemia (abnormal levels of lipids in the bloodstream), high blood pressure, inflammation, and oxidative stress. Controlling your blood sugar, blood pressure, and lipid levels is crucial to preventing and managing these complications effectively.

Enrolling in a comprehensive management program like Apollo Super 6 can be immensely helpful. This program focuses on improving diet, increasing physical activity, and providing ongoing support, which is incredibly beneficial for managing diabetes and its complications.

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