Can you get diabetes even if you are healthy?
Diabetes is condition for which exact cause is unknown. Although being unhealthy interms of obesity and other comorbid conditions increase the risk of developing diabetes, there are other causes such as family history/ presence of autoantibodies/ polycystic ovarian syndrome etc which increase the risk.
Diabetes is either due to no insulin production or ineffective insulin. In patients with no insulin production, we are left with no choice other than giving external insulin to control sugars. In nascent cases of other diabetes we try to control the blood sugar by diet/exercise and medicines. Additionally, when external insulin is given, body's own production goes down and it is suppressed.
High sugar levels causes blood vessel damage, vascular remodelling leading to increased peripheral artery resistance. Also, body fluid volume increases in response to insulin resistance-induced hyperinsulinemia and hyperglycemia. Both increased peripheral vascular resistance and body fluid volume lead to increase in systemic blood pressure causing Hypertension.
Ketogenic lifestyle dictates a person to have high protein and fat with low or zero carbohydrate diet which may affect metabolic acidosis. High protein diet may hasten kidney failure.
Prefer foods lower in fats, sugar and calories and higher in fiber. Focus on fruits, green vegetables and whole grains. Regular physical activity.