With time, raised blood sugar can damage blood vessels in the kidneys as well as nephrons making them not work as well as they should. Many people with diabetes also develop high blood pressure, which can damage kidneys too.
Physical exercise lowers blood glucose levels and blood pressure, improves blood flow, burns extra calories so you can keep your weight down if needed, improves your mood, can prevent falls and improve memory in older adults, may help you sleep better. Start exercising after speaking to a doctor, start slowly and increase. Few types are walking briskly or hiking, climbing stairs, swimming or a water-aerobics class, dancing, riding a bicycle or a stationary bicycle, taking an exercise class, playing basketball, tennis, or other sports
Babies of GDM mothers may have more birth weight, preterm birth and respiratory distress, low blood sugar shortly after birth and hypoglycemic seizures, still birth and obesity/ diabetes later in their life.
Prefer foods lower in fats, sugar and calories and higher in fiber. Focus on fruits, green vegetables and whole grains. Regular physical activity.