What are causes, symptoms, signs and treatment for diabetes?
Exact cause is unknown but most appreciated hypothesis is either low insulin or insulin resistance due to genetic +/- environmental factors. Symptoms and signs include increased thirst, extreme hunger, unexplained weight loss, frequent urination, fatigue, irritability, blurred vision, slow healing wounds, presence of ketones in urine, fruity odour and frequent infections.Treatment is either tablets or insulin to control blood sugar levels along with life style modifications (Diet + exercise).
Increased risk of Heart attack/ Angina/ Stroke, Nerve damage, Kidney damage, Gastroparesis (Nausea/ vomiting) Diarrhea or constipation, Eye damage - blindness, Increased risk of cataract and glaucoma, Foot damage/ amputations, Skin infections, Increased risk of Alzheimer's disease/ Depression/ Hearing impairment.
Yes, unintentional weight loss is one of the symptoms of Diabetes mellitus.
Normal saline drips helps in correction of hydration in Diabetic emergencies such as Diabetic ketoacidosis. Proper hydration will decrease counterregulatory hormones and lower blood glucose, which should augment insulin sensitivity.
Goal fasting blood sugar is 80 - 130, post prandial blood sugar is < 180 mg/dl.