What are the key foods to avoid to prevent diabetes?
Foods to avoid include fried foods and other foods high in saturated fat/ trans fat, foods high in salt, sweets such as baked goods/ candy/ ice cream, beverages with added sugars such as juice/soda/sports or energy drinks.
The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) and other components of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) conduct and support research into many diseases and conditions.
Physical exercise lowers blood glucose levels and blood pressure, improves blood flow, burns extra calories so you can keep your weight down if needed, improves your mood, can prevent falls and improve memory in older adults, may help you sleep better. Start exercising after speaking to a doctor, start slowly and increase. Few types are walking briskly or hiking, climbing stairs, swimming or a water-aerobics class, dancing, riding a bicycle or a stationary bicycle, taking an exercise class, playing basketball, tennis, or other sports
Babies of GDM mothers may have more birth weight, preterm birth and respiratory distress, low blood sugar shortly after birth and hypoglycemic seizures, still birth and obesity/ diabetes later in their life.
With time, raised blood sugar can damage blood vessels in the kidneys as well as nephrons leading to kidney damage and presnce of protein in urine may be the first sign.