What are the signs and symptoms of Type 1 diabetes?
Increased thirst, extreme hunger, unexplained weight loss, frequent urination, fatigue, irritability, blurred vision, slow healing wounds, presence of ketones in urine, fruity odour and frequent infections.
126 mg/dL (7.0 mmol/L ) or higher on two separate tests is diagnosed as diabetes.
Diabetes when uncontrolled can cause sudden increase in blood sugar level causing an emergency called Diabetic ketoacidosis which can be life threatening if not treated in time. Also, long standing Diabetes may lead to organ damage which can be fatal.
With time, raised blood sugar levels can damage the blood vessels and nerves that control the heart. Additionally, people with diabetes are also more likely to have other conditions that raise the risk for heart disease such as high blood pressure and deranged cholesterol or triglyceride levels.
Treatment is either tablets or insulin to control blood sugar levels along with life style modifications (Diet + exercise).
Choose healthier carbohydrates. All carbs affect blood glucose levels so it's important to know which foods contain carbohydrates.Eat less salt,eat less red and processed meat,eat more fruit and vegetables,choose healthier fat.Cut down on added sugar.Be smart with snacks.