What diet chart should a diabetic patient follow?
Prefer whole grains with fresh greens, moderate amount of protein, low fat and no added sugar/salt foods. It's important to include different foods in portion control to get balanced nutrition.
With time, raised blood sugar can damage blood vessels in the kidneys as well as nephrons making them not work as well as they should. Many people with diabetes also develop high blood pressure, which can damage kidneys too.
Ketogenic lifestyle dictates a person to have high protein and fat with low or zero carbohydrate diet which may affect metabolic acidosis. High protein diet may hasten kidney failure.
In most patients Diabetes does not show any symptoms or signs. Few signs are weight loss, slow healing wounds, presence of ketones in urine, fruity odour.
Exact cause is unknown but most appreciated hypothesis is either low insulin or insulin resistance due to genetic +/- environmental factors. Increased risk of Heart attack/ Angina/ Stroke, Nerve damage, Kidney damage, Gastroparesis (Nausea/ vomiting) Diarrhea or constipation, Eye damage - blindness, Increased risk of cataract and glaucoma, Foot damage/ amputations, Skin infections, Increased risk of Alzheimer's disease/ Depression/ Hearing impairment.