What is the difference between hyperglycemia and diabetes?
Hyperglycemia is a medical term indicating elevated blood sugar levels and it has many causes, one of it being Diabetes mellitus.
Diabetes mellitus refers to a group of diseases that affect how your body uses blood sugar (glucose) and is diagnosed when fasting blood sugar of 126 mg/dl or more, post prandial blood sugar of 200 or more with glycated hemoglobin of 6.5% or more is seen on tests. Treatment is either tablets or insulin to control blood sugar levels along with life style modifications (Diet + exercise)
Increased risk of Heart attack/ Angina/ Stroke, Nerve damage, Kidney damage, Gastroparesis (Nausea/ vomiting) Diarrhea or constipation, Eye damage - blindness, Increased risk of cataract and glaucoma, Foot damage/ amputations, Skin infections, Increased risk of Alzheimer's disease/ Depression/ Hearing impairment.
Each person's story and journey of handling diabetes is different. One thing which is mostly common is that with good diet, lifestyle changes, exercise and medications, most patients could lead almost a healthy lifestyle.
Diabetes is multifactorial having both genetic and environmental factors. One can get it from either of the parents.