Who is at high risk for developing gestational diabetes?
Risk factors include being overweight or obese, not being physically active, having prediabetes/ gestational diabetes during a previous pregnancy/ polycystic ovary syndrome/ an immediate family member with diabetes/ previously delivered a baby weighing more than 9 pounds (4.1 kilograms) and being of a certain race or ethnicity, such as Black, Hispanic, American Indian and Asian American.
Prefer foods lower in fats, salt and calories and higher in fiber. Focus on fruits, green vegetables and whole grains. Regular physical activity.
High sugar levels causes blood vessel damage, vascular remodelling leading to increased peripheral artery resistance. Also, body fluid volume increases in response to insulin resistance-induced hyperinsulinemia and hyperglycemia. Both increased peripheral vascular resistance and body fluid volume lead to increase in systemic blood pressure causing Hypertension.
No fruit or vegetable can totally get rid of Diabetes but having fruits/vegetables with low glycemic index may prevent or manage Diabetes.
There's no particular timeline that stands true for all patients, it depends on many factors such as age of diabetes onset, control of blood sugars, lifestyle and regular check ups.
Few symptoms are increased thirst, extreme hunger, unexplained weight loss, frequent urination, fatigue, irritability, blurred vision, slow healing wounds and frequent infections. Treatment is either tablets or insulin to control blood sugar levels along with life style modifications (Diet + exercise)