1,3 Beta-D-Glucan

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    blood sample




    Age group

    Above 10 years

    1,3 Beta-D-Glucan (BDG) is a diagnostic test that is used to detect fungal infections such as aspergillosis and invasive candidiasis. Fungi are one of the most prevalent pathogens in our surrounding environment and are usually harmless. However, when certain types of fungi enter the body and spread rapidly, they can cause severe infections and life-threatening complications. The BDG test is a non-invasive blood test that helps in the early detection of fungal infections.

    Symptoms of Fungal Infections

    Fungal infections can affect various parts of the body, and the symptoms can vary depending on the specific type of fungal infection and the area it affects. Here are some common symptoms associated with fungal infections:

    1. Skin Infections
    Itchy, red, or inflamed skin
    Rash or patches of raised, scaly skin
    Blisters or pustules
    Cracking or peeling of the skin
    Discoloured or darkened skin
    Fungal nail infections (thickened, brittle, or discoloured nails)

    2. Oral Infections (Oral Thrush):
    White, creamy patches on the tongue, inner cheeks, or roof of the mouth
    Pain or discomfort while eating or swallowing
    Loss of taste
    Redness or soreness in the affected area

    3. Vaginal Infections (Vaginal Candidiasis):
    Itching, burning, or irritation in the vaginal area
    Thick, white vaginal discharge that resembles cottage cheese
    Redness or swelling of the vulva
    Pain or discomfort during sexual intercourse or urination

    4. Respiratory Infections:
    Shortness of breath
    Chest pain or discomfort
    Fever and chills (in severe cases)

    5. Systemic Infections:
    Fatigue or weakness
    Muscle aches or joint pain
    Nausea or vomiting
    Abdominal pain

    It's important to note that these symptoms can overlap with other conditions, and a proper medical diagnosis is necessary to confirm a fungal infection. If you suspect you have a fungal infection or are experiencing persistent symptoms, it is recommended to seek medical attention for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment.

    Test Procedure

    During the BDG test, a small blood sample is drawn from the patient's vein using a needle and syringe. The blood sample is then sent to the laboratory for analysis. The lab specialist will process the sample and look for the presence of BDG in the blood. The results are usually available within six days.


    The treatment of fungal infections depends on the type and severity of the infection as well as the area of the body affected. Here are some common treatment options for fungal infections:

    1. Topical Antifungal Medications: For many superficial fungal infections, such as athlete's foot, jock itch, or ringworm, topical antifungal creams, lotions, or powders are often the first line of treatment. These medications are applied directly to the affected area and are generally available over the counter or by prescription.
    2. Oral Antifungal Medications: In cases where topical treatments are not sufficient or when the infection is more severe or widespread, oral antifungal medications may be prescribed. These medications are taken by mouth and work systemically to fight the fungal infection from within the body. Oral antifungal medications are commonly used for fungal nail infections, severe cases of oral thrush, or systemic fungal infections.
    3. Antifungal Shampoos: Fungal infections of the scalp, such as tinea capitis, often require the use of antifungal shampoos. These shampoos typically contain ingredients like ketoconazole or selenium sulfide and are used to cleanse the scalp and control fungal infection.
    4. Vaginal Antifungal Treatments: Vaginal yeast infections (vaginal candidiasis) are commonly treated with antifungal medications in the form of creams, suppositories, or tablets that are inserted into the vagina. Over-the-counter options like miconazole or clotrimazole are available, as well as prescription-strength antifungal treatments.
    5. Systemic Antifungal Medications: Systemic fungal infections that affect internal organs or those that do not respond to topical or oral treatments may require stronger antifungal medications given intravenously (IV) or through injection. These systemic antifungal medications are typically prescribed and administered under the supervision of a healthcare professional.

    In addition to medication, other measures that can help manage and prevent fungal infections include practising good hygiene, keeping the affected area clean and dry, wearing clean and breathable clothing, avoiding sharing personal items, such as towels or combs, and maintaining a healthy immune system.

    It is important to consult with a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment of fungal infections. They can evaluate your specific condition and recommend the most suitable treatment option for you.

    Confirmatory Tests

    In some cases, a clinical test may be necessary to confirm the presence of a fungal infection. This is especially true if the patient is asymptomatic or if the BDG results are equivocal. Confirmatory tests may include imaging studies like CT scans and MRIs, or other laboratory tests like culture and histopathology.

    Booking Tests on Apollo 24|7

    Booking a BDG test on Apollo 24|7 is easy. Patients can log in to the website or mobile app, select the BDG test, and book an appointment at their convenient time. The test results will be available within six days of sample collection. Early detection of fungal infections through the BDG test can help in timely treatment, reducing morbidity and mortality rates. Other benefits of early detection include quick recovery, reduced hospital stay, and cost savings.

    faqFrequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

    Frequently asked questions

    Fungal infections are caused by exposure to fungi in our natural environment, including soil, plants, and animals.
    Individuals with weakened immune systems, chemotherapy patients, organ transplant recipients, and individuals with chronic diseases like HIV/AIDS are at higher risk for fungal infections.
    No, the BDG test is a non-invasive blood test that does not cause any pain or discomfort to the patient.
    No, a negative BDG test does not rule out fungal infections entirely. In some cases, additional testing may be necessary for confirmation.
    Antifungal medications can cause side effects like nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, and liver damage. Patients should discuss potential side effects with their healthcare provider before starting treatment.

    Why should Apollo be your preferred healthcare partner?

    • 40 Years of legacy and credibility in the healthcare industry.
    • NABL certified multi-channel digital healthcare platform.
    • Affordable diagnostic solutions with timely and accurate test results.
    • Up to 60% discount on Doorstep Diagnostic Tests, Home Sample Collection.
    • An inventory of over 100+ laboratories, spread across the country, operating out of 120+ cities with 1200+ collection centers, serving over 1800+ pin codes.

    The information mentioned above is meant for educational purposes only and should not be taken as a substitute to your Physician’s advice. It is highly recommended that the customer consults with a qualified healthcare professional to interpret test results