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Aml Categorization, PCR (BCR-ABL, AML-ETO, CBFB-MYH, PML-RARA)

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    Acute Myeloid Leukaemia (AML) is a type of leukaemia observed in the bone marrow. It is the most prevalent form of adult leukaemia which starts in the bone marrow and moves into the blood. This type of cancer can spread to other parts of the body like the liver, central nervous system and spleen, which leads to the development of a considerable amount of abnormal blood cells. This condition affects a particular set of white blood cells called myeloid cells.

    Acute myeloid leukaemia can originate from cells that might transform into white blood cells. It can also develop in other blood-forming cells. When affected by this disease, the myeloid cell can develop into white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets.

    A person requires immediate medical assistance if they observe the following acute myeloid leukaemia symptoms:

    • Shortness of breath 
    • Extreme lethargy and fatigue 
    • Bone pain 
    • High fever 
    • Infections 
    • Bleeding from the gums
    • Pale or dull skin

    The immediate acute myeloid leukaemia symptoms may be similar to those of common flu. However, if left untreated, the symptoms may worsen. Hence, it is essential to contact a physician to start the treatment as soon as possible.

    If you are already undergoing cancer therapy, discussing the acute myeloid leukaemia symptoms with the doctor is also essential. The AML categorization PCR test available at Apollo 24|7 is ideal for diagnosing the cytogenetic abnormalities within the myeloid cells.

    An abnormal clone might indicate the presence of multiple subtypes of AML. The treatment procedure will depend upon the subtype. Since all the complications in your blood cells occur in the bone marrow, your doctor might collect the bone marrow sample. This collection can happen through a bone marrow aspiration or a bone marrow biopsy process. After collecting the sample, the doctor will send it to the lab, where a pathologist will examine it. The next treatment steps will depend upon the subtype of AML.

    To prevent acute myeloid leukaemia symptoms, you need to be mindful of the risk factors:

    • Smoking and consuming tobacco 
    • Being treated with radiation therapy and chemotherapy 
    • Being exposed to specific chemicals like benzene 
    • Having blood disorders like polycythemia vera, idiopathic myelofibrosis, and essential thrombocythemia 
    • Having genetic complications like Fanconi anaemia, Bloom syndrome, and Shwachman-Diamond syndrome

    AML cancer is more common in males than in females. While there are no straightforward ways of preventing this blood cancer, you can take certain measures to reduce the symptoms. You can start by quitting smoking tobacco. You must also stop exposing yourself to chemicals like benzene.

    faqFrequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

    Frequently asked questions

    The most common subtype of AML is myeloid leukaemia, which is usually detected during the AML categorization PCR test. In some cases, doctors might detect monocytic or monoblastic leukaemia if one experiences acute myeloid leukaemia symptoms.
    The number of leukaemia cells increases rapidly in your body that can clog blood vessels. The condition is called leukostasis, and its associated symptoms are: Weakness on a particular side of the body  Confusion  Sleepiness or drowsiness  Speech problems  Breathing issues
    Being a complicated disease, you must follow the doctor’s instructions to stop AML from returning. You can start by avoiding smoking, maintaining a balanced diet and getting regular exercise. You should also keep taking the medication prescribed by the doctor and not skip check-ups.
    After checking your medical history, the doctor might conduct a physical exam during the AML diagnosis test. The professional might check your eyes, skin, mouth, liver, lymph nodes and nervous system. The intention will be to identify if these areas are bleeding.
    The average age of people suffering from AML is 65 to 67 years.
    People suffering from AML must have a diet that strengthens their immune system. It must include eggs, lean meat, fish, soy and beans. The diet might help in speeding up the recovery process.

    Why should Apollo be your preferred healthcare partner?

    • 40 Years of legacy and credibility in the healthcare industry.
    • NABL certified multi-channel digital healthcare platform.
    • Affordable diagnostic solutions with timely and accurate test results.
    • Up to 60% discount on Doorstep Diagnostic Tests, Home Sample Collection.
    • An inventory of over 100+ laboratories, spread across the country, operating out of 120+ cities with 1200+ collection centers, serving over 1800+ pin codes.

    The information mentioned above is meant for educational purposes only and should not be taken as a substitute to your Physician’s advice. It is highly recommended that the customer consults with a qualified healthcare professional to interpret test results