Anti HCV test is used for screening and diagnosis of a person likely to be infected with the hepatitis C virus.
When a person is infected with a virus, they produce antibodies, chemical compounds that are released into the blood stream, to fight the virus. HCV is an infection that often causes inflammation and damage of the liver. This infection can lead to cirrhosis, liver failure, and liver cancer.
Frequently asked questions
How is the blood sample taken?
To take the blood sample, a tourniquet (elastic) band is placed tightly on the upper arm. The patient is then asked to make a fist. This helps in the build-up of blood filling the veins and it becomes easy to collect the blood. The skin is cleaned before inserting the needle in the vein in order to prevent bacteria from entering. Needle is inserted into the vein of the arm and the blood sample is collected in the vacutainer.
What are the signs and symptoms of HCV infection?
The most common signs and symptoms of HCV are: Belly pain, dark-coloured urine, fatigue, fever, loss of appetite, weight loss, itchy skin, joint pain, etc.
What are the risk factors for HCV infection?
Anyone can get infected by HCV, but the chances are high in health care worker who are exposed to infected blood, child of a mother with HCV, sexual partner of someone with HCV, injected illegal drugs or sharing needles.