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Mitochondria are energy centres of your cells. They're the engines that keep most of your body's cells running. Anti-mitochondrial antibodies (AMAs) are blood proteins produced when your body attempts to attack its cells, organs, and tissues. When this occurs, the body's immune system fights it as if it were infected.
Apollo 24|7’s AMA test aids in the effective detection of abnormally high quantities of such antibodies in the bloodstream. The anti-mitochondrial antibody test is most commonly used to diagnose Primary Biliary Cholangitis (PBC), formerly known as Primary Biliary Cirrhosis, an autoimmune illness. It indicates that your body is rebelling against itself, mistaking healthy cells for sickness or alien matter.
PBC is an inflammatory disease affecting the liver's bile ducts, causing inflammation and scarring. It is a gradually progressing condition that leads the liver to degenerate and bile flow to obstruct. Such obstructed bile ducts can cause a build-up of toxic compounds in the liver, which can cause lifelong scarring. Females between the ages of 35 and 60 are the most likely to get PBC.
Autoantibodies are antibodies that form in response to antigens in the body. M9 and M2 are most likely to induce sickness amongst the 9 variants of AMA antigens (M1–M9). The M2 form of AMA has explicitly been detected in PBC, but the other varieties have been found in various disorders.
The following are some of the signs and symptoms of PBC:
An anti-mitochondrial antibody test is thus performed to help validate a physician's clinical diagnosis of PBC. Usually, when an AMA test does not discover any AMAs, it is deemed normal. However, a negative anti-mitochondrial antibody test does not always eliminate the condition. AMAs aren't found in the blood of 5 to 10% of persons with PBC.
But if you test positive for AMAs, the findings will also reveal your AMA-M2 (titer) level. But you may receive positive AMA test results even if you have one of the following autoimmune diseases:
So, before affirming a diagnosis of PBC, physicians may suggest liver imaging tests or a liver biopsy. Given that the presence of unsatisfactory AMA test results is insufficient to diagnose the condition, your doctor may require additional tests, such as:
Why should Apollo be your preferred healthcare partner?
The information mentioned above is meant for educational purposes only and should not be taken as a substitute to your Physician’s advice. It is highly recommended that the customer consults with a qualified healthcare professional to interpret test results