Anti-thyroid antibodies test is used to help diagnose autoimmune disorders of the thyroid.
Anti-thyroid antibodies mistakenly attack the thyroid gland and destroy the thyroid cells, which may lead to too much or too little thyroid hormones.
Anti-thyroid antibodies can cause Hashimoto Thyroiditis, an autoimmune disease. It is also a common cause of hypothyroidism, where the thyroid gland is unable to produce enough hormones.
Frequently asked questions
How is the blood sample taken?
To take the blood sample, a tourniquet (elastic) band is placed tightly on the upper arm. The patient is then asked to make a fist. This helps in the build-up of blood filling the veins and it becomes easy to collect the blood. The skin is cleaned before inserting the needle in the vein in order to prevent bacteria from entering. Needle is inserted into the vein of the arm and the blood sample is collected in the vacutainer.
What is anti-thyroid antibodies test used for?
An anti-thyroid antibodies test is used for diagnosis of autoimmune disorders of the thyroid.
What are the symptoms of Hashimoto thyroiditis?
The symptoms include: fatigue and sluggishness, increased sensitivity to cold, constipation, pale, dry skin, brittle nails, hair loss, unexplained weight gain, muscle aches, weakness, excessive or prolonged menstrual bleeding, depression.
What are the symptoms of Graves' disease?
The symptoms of Graves' disease are: Anxiety and irritability, tremor of the hands or fingers, heat sensitivity or warm, weight loss, change in menstrual cycles, erectile dysfunction or reduced libido, diarrhoea, bulging eyes (Graves' ophthalmopathy), fatigue, rapid or irregular heartbeat (palpitations), sleep disturbance.
Should I inform my doctor if I am taking any medicines?
Yes, please inform your doctor if you are taking any medicines or supplements as it might interfere with the test results.