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    Above 10 years

    Heavy metals are naturally found in the environment, medicines, food items, and even water. One such commonly found heavy metal in the environment is cadmium. It is naturally present with a combination of other heavy metals such as zinc, copper, aluminium, mercury, lead, etc.

    Cadmium metal is generally used in:

    • Low-melting alloys 
    • Coatings and plating
    • Solder and bearing alloys
    • Storage batteries

    Heavy metals such as cadmium can affect your system in different ways and increase your exposure to cadmium toxicity. If cadmium levels are excessive in your body, it can lead to metal poisoning. This can cause serious health problems, including behavioural changes and organ damage, and also affect thinking and memory.

    Even if the levels are low, it can be highly toxic for the human body, and you may experience ill effects of cadmium metal, including reproductive, cardiovascular, eyes, brain issues, kidney disease, etc. Cadmium disease, known as Itai-Itai, was first termed in Japan when there was a significant case of cadmium toxicity. The disease spread due to excessive dumping of industrial waste in rivers.

    The symptoms of cadmium toxicity can be visible two to four hours after exposure. You may experience:

    • Weakness
    • Fever
    • Cough
    • Irritation of the nose and throat
    • Headache
    • Chest pain

    If you inhale cadmium dust, it may rapidly spread to the respiratory tract and cause kidney problems. This can even turn fatal as a slight increase in the levels can immediately cause the poison to spread.

    People who work in industrial settings are at a higher risk of exposure to cadmium metal. Industrial workers working near factories and mining operations usually contract cadmium toxicity. Along with adults, some children under the age of six may also be exposed to it since they have a higher risk for heavy metal poisoning. Cadmium toxicity is a severe type of heavy metal poisoning that can affect your body for a long time. Hence, it is important to test for cadmium toxicity as exposure to it may lead to life-threatening diseases. Getting a cadmium test helps measure the levels of cadmium metal in the body. If you experience symptoms after exposure to heavy metal, it is recommended that you get tested immediately.

    Apollo 24|7 offers a comprehensive cadmium test to determine the level of cadmium in your body. Based on the results, your doctor may offer you appropriate treatment to reduce cadmium toxicity. The treatment can be designed to help relieve and manage your symptoms as there is no effective treatment for cadmium toxicity.

    Some preventive measures to avoid exposure to cadmium are:

    • Working in areas that are clean and free of dust
    • Prohibiting smoking
    • Cleaning hands
    • Disposing of contaminated clothes
    • Prohibiting food and beverages in the work zone

    Medically reviewed by Dr. Naveen Polavarapu, Gastroenterologist, Apollo Hospitals Jubilee Hills, Hyderabad

    faqFrequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

    Frequently asked questions

    You can recognise the presence of cadmium metal in your body once you have been exposed to it. It takes two to four hours for the symptoms to appear. Overexposure to cadmium metal may result in headaches, abdominal pain, fatigue, nausea, fever, and diarrhoea.
    Cadmium is present in many food items such as vegetables, pulses, nuts, cereals, potatoes, starchy roots, meat and meat products, etc. Since vegetarians have a high consumption of pulses, cereals, vegetables, etc., they have higher exposure to cadmium metal.
    High cadmium levels can lead to itai-itai disease, which is characterised by osteomalacia with extreme bone pain and is also associated with renal tubular dysfunction. Cadmium exposure can be caused as a result of working in industries.
    Cadmium, an important industrial agent, is also a major environmental pollutant and a leading cause of kidney disease. If you face chronic exposure to cadmium, it may accumulate in the epithelial cells of the proximal tubule, resulting in a reabsorptive dysfunction characterised by polyuria and low-molecular-weight proteinuria.
    The test generally requires no special preparation. However, since certain food items such as seafood, particularly shellfish, may contain high levels of cadmium, thus, you should avoid eating them 48 hours before the test.
    A cadmium test can help you evaluate the levels of cadmium in your body. If the test results show a higher level, you need to avoid exposure to cadmium. Your doctor may prescribe chelation therapy if the levels do not reduce after this.

    Why should Apollo be your preferred healthcare partner?

    • 36 Years of legacy and credibility in the healthcare industry.
    • NABL certified multi-channel digital healthcare platform.
    • Affordable diagnostic solutions with timely and accurate test results.
    • Up to 60% discount on Doorstep Diagnostic Tests, Home Sample Collection.
    • An inventory of over 100+ laboratories, spread across the country, operating out of 50+ cities with 700+ collection centres, serving over 1800+ pin codes.

    The information mentioned above is meant for educational purposes only and should not be taken as a substitute to your Physician’s advice. It is highly recommended that the customer consults with a qualified healthcare professional to interpret test results

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