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Calcitonin

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  • CALCITONIN

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About

blood sample
Sample

SERUM SAMPLE SHOULD BE COLLECTED IN RED TOP

Gender
Gender

Both

users
Age group

7 years & above

Calcitonin is a hormone produced by the thyroid gland that plays a critical role in calcium regulation in the body. It regulates serum calcium levels by inhibiting osteoclast activity and promoting calcium excretion by the kidneys. High levels of calcitonin in the blood can be indicative of certain conditions, including medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) and C-cell hyperplasia. This is where the Calcitonin panel comes into play. It is a diagnostic test that measures the levels of calcitonin in the blood.

Medullary Thyroid Cancer (MTC) is an uncommon type of thyroid cancer that begins in the C cells of the thyroid gland. Some symptoms of MTC include:
1. A lump or swelling in the neck.
2. Pain in the neck.
3. Hoarseness or difficulty speaking.
4. Trouble swallowing.
5. Swollen lymph nodes.

In addition to these symptoms, patients with MTC may also develop signs and symptoms of hypercalcemia (high levels of calcium in the blood), such as:
1. Nausea and vomiting
2. Constipation
3. Fatigue
4. Muscle weakness
5. Confusion
6. Abdominal pain

Test procedure

The Calcitonin panel is a blood test that requires a sample of blood from the patient's vein. The patient may be asked to fast for a specific number of hours before the test, with specific instructions given by their healthcare provider.
1. The healthcare professional will clean the site where the blood will be drawn.
2. They will then insert a needle into a vein in your arm.
3. A small amount of blood will be collected into a vial or tube.
4. The needle will be removed, and pressure will be applied to the site to stop bleeding.
5. The blood sample will be sent to the laboratory for testing.

The sample will then be sent to a laboratory for analysis. The test results usually take about four days to come back.

Treatment options

If you receive a positive diagnosis for Medullary Thyroid Cancer (MTC), your healthcare provider will discuss treatment options with you. Treatment options for MTC include surgery to remove the thyroid gland, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. Treatment will depend on the stage of the cancer and how far it has spread.

Benefits of early diagnosis:

An early diagnosis of MTC can lead to better treatment outcomes and a higher rate of survival. Getting tested for calcitonin levels can help detect MTC early on, allowing for prompt medical intervention. Early detection also reduces the risk of the cancer spreading to other parts of the body.

Also, it includes the following benefits-
- Early detection of medullary thyroid cancer
- Better treatment outcomes
- Improved quality of life

Booking the test

To opt for the Calcitonin test at Apollo 24|7, patients can visit the website and book an appointment in just a few clicks. The test results will be available within four days of taking the test. Early detection is essential for better treatment outcomes and survival rates. By booking a slot on Apollo 24|7, patients can take control of their health and get tested at their convenience.
 

faqFrequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What are normal calcitonin levels?

The normal calcitonin levels are less than ten pg/mL. The average levels can differ between men and women, with men having higher calcitonin levels. Sometimes these levels are checked in the blood multiple times after giving a dose of medication that stimulates the production of calcitonin.

What happens when calcitonin levels are low?

When the calcitonin levels are low, it may increase the risk of bone degradation and osteopenia. This condition occurs when the reabsorption rate of old bone exceeds the production rate of new bones.

What are some possible things that can affect calcitonin levels?

High calcitonin levels can be caused by cancers like lung, breast, pancreas, etc. If your levels are high, you will need more sets of tests before your doctor can make a diagnosis. This set of tests may include a thyroid scan or a biopsy.

What are some significant effects of calcitonin?

Calcitonin is responsible for reducing calcium levels in the blood by two major mechanisms: it hinders the activity of osteoclasts. These are cells responsible for breaking down bone. When it's broken down, the calcium is released into the bloodstream.

What are the consequences of high calcitonin levels?

If you have high calcitonin levels in your blood, you may suffer from hyperplasia or medullary thyroid cancer. If you are already undergoing treatment for thyroid cancer, high levels may indicate that the treatment is ineffective or that the cancer is recurring after the treatment.

What are the triggers for the release of calcitonin?

Your thyroid is responsible for releasing calcitonin based on the calcium levels in your blood. When the levels of your blood calcium increase, your thyroid increases the calcitonin in higher quantities. When the levels of blood calcium decrease, your thyroid decreases the calcitonin.

What is C-cell hyperplasia?

C-cell hyperplasia is a condition where there is an increase in the number of C-cells in the thyroid gland. It is often a precursor to medullary thyroid cancer (MTC).

How accurate is the Calcitonin panel test?

The Calcitonin panel test is highly accurate in detecting high levels of calcitonin hormone in the blood.

What do high levels of Calcitonin indicate?

High levels of Calcitonin can indicate medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) or other thyroid diseases.

Are there any risks associated with this test?

There are minimal risks associated with this test, including slight discomfort or bruising at the site where the blood is drawn.

What happens if I receive a positive diagnosis?

If you receive a positive diagnosis, your healthcare provider will discuss treatment options with you, which may include surgery, radiation therapy, or chemotherapy.

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The information mentioned above is meant for educational purposes only and should not be taken as a substitute to your Physician’s advice. It is highly recommended that the customer consults with a qualified healthcare professional to interpret test results