Chloride - Spot Urine

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    1 test included



blood sample




Age group

7 years & above

Electrolytes are the body's essential building blocks that ensure you are healthy and hydrated. One of the vital electrolytes or electrically charged minerals is chloride. It functions in smooth cohesion with other electrolytes, such as potassium and sodium to evenly balance the bases and acids in your body.

Chloride is also responsible for carrying fluid in and out of the body's blood cells. If the chloride level drops, it can render you dehydrated and sick. On the other hand, if the chloride level is elevated, it could indicate trouble in kidney function. There are plenty of medical conditions that can lead to chloride imbalance.

You will get metabolic alkalosis if your body's tissues become excessively alkaline. This could be due to the consumption of certain medications that make you pee more. It could also happen if you have recently been vomiting or had your stomach contents suctioned. Low levels of potassium may also play a significant role. Health conditions like Gitelman syndrome or Bartter syndrome can also lead to metabolic alkalosis.

Assessing the chloride level in your urine may offer insight into your condition of metabolic alkalosis. You may also experience the following signs and symptoms that may indicate such a medical issue:

  • Foggy brain or trouble thinking
  • Seizures
  • Muscle cramps
  • Slow breathing
  • Confusion
  • Numbness or needle-pin-like sensation in your limbs
  • Muscle stiffness

In such cases, your medical healthcare provider will likely order a chloride urine test. Getting this test will help:

  • Assess the chloride level in your body
  • Determine if you suffer from metabolic alkalosis 
  • Detect if you suffer from any other medical syndromes like Gitelman syndrome or Bartter syndrome
  • Devise an effective treatment plan to balance your chloride levels

Remember that your test results will depend on your gender, age, previous health history and the testing method. Results are likely to be stated in millimoles per litre (mmol/L) or milliequivalents per litre (mEq/L)

If your test results return normal, your chloride levels will range between 20-40 mEq/L or mmol/L. If your results are any lower than 20 mEq/L, it will indicate the chloride deficiency in your daily diet. It could also mean that you are or have been on diuretics medications or have recently gotten your stomach contents medically suctioned.

If the test results are any higher than 40 mEq/L, it could be a sign of Gitelman syndrome, Bartter syndrome or deficient potassium levels. Elevated levels of chloride could be due to certain medications like diuretics.

You can book a chloride urine test today at Apollo 24/7. It offers effortless and quick at-home testing. Moreover, you will receive your test results within 36 hours!

faqFrequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is a chloride urine test?

A chloride urine test measures the level of urine present in your blood. Chloride is one of the electrolytes or electrically charged minerals that ensure you are well hydrated and in good health. An abnormal chloride urine test could result from several medical conditions and medications. The test will help keep track of chloride to ensure you do not suffer from any hidden medical condition.

Why do you need a chloride urine test?

Your doctor may order a chloride urine test if he is worried about the state of health of your kidneys and heart. It will offer insight into why symptoms like constant exhaustion, fatigue, dehydration, etc.

What is hyperchloremia?

Hyperchloremia is a condition where your chloride levels are elevated. It could be due to several reasons, such as severe diarrhoea, salt water ingestion, kidney diseases, bromide poisoning, respiratory alkalosis, metabolic or renal acidosis, usage of long-term drugs, etc. If you suffer from hyperchloremia, you will notice apparent symptoms like: Muscle weakness Extreme fatigue Dry mucous membranes Excessive thirst High blood pressure

Does hyperchloremia cause any possible complications?

Hyperchloremia or high chloride levels can be extremely dangerous since it indicates higher than usual acid in your body. If left untreated, high chloride levels can cause: Kidney failure Kidney stones Failure to recover from kidney injuries Muscle problems Cardiac ailments Bone problems Comatose Death

What is hypochloremia?

If your body suffers from an electrolyte imbalance, leading to excessively low chloride levels, it can cause hypochloremia. It can happen due to prolonged vomiting, diarrhoea, congestive heart failure, metabolic alkalosis, chronic lung disease, and ongoing chemotherapy. The symptoms of hypochloremia include: Dehydration Difficulty in breathing Fluid loss Fatigue Vomiting or diarrhoea due to fluid loss

What is the treatment of hypochloremia?

Your doctor will devise a treatment plan based on the underlying medical conditions responsible for such a state. You might be given an intravenous saline solution (IV) to raise the levels of electrolytes in your body. Additionally, your doctor may advise you to eat food high in salt content and rich in chloride or consume supplements.

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The information mentioned above is meant for educational purposes only and should not be taken as a substitute to your Physician’s advice. It is highly recommended that the customer consults with a qualified healthcare professional to interpret test results