Effective price: ₹990
Above 10 years
The metalloprotein molecule, called Hemoglobin (Hb), is a significant part of the human blood circulatory system. It is present in the red blood cells or erythrocytes, and carries oxygen, giving blood its red color. There are many types of hemoglobin, like HbA, HbA2, HbS, HbH, HbM, HbF, etc. Fetal hemoglobin, also known as Hemoglobin F or HbF, is the major hemoglobin developed in the body during gestation. It helps in oxygen transfer from the mother's bloodstream to the fetus.
During adulthood, the production of Fetal Hb stops, and adult-type hemoglobin production begins. HbF is still present in healthy human adults, although in a small quantity. However, hereditary persistence of fetal hemoglobin (HPFH) occurs if abnormal amounts of HbF are present in adults. Various hereditary diseases occur to this abnormality, such as:
It is possible to diagnose such inherited disorders that impact hemoglobin production via the Fetal Hemoglobin Quantitative Test. Known also as Hgb electrophoresis, this is a part of the routine screening tests during pregnancy. This test is most effective in determining the fetal hemoglobin level in infants. Even adults and children can get their HbF levels measured through this test. Some of the common symptoms that occur due to HbF abnormality include:
Sometimes, it is also possible that the patients will not show any visible symptoms but can transfer the gene to their fetus. This can only be determined by Hgb electrophoresis tests or hemoglobinopathy. Your doctor may prescribe the Fetal Hemoglobin Quantitative Test if they detect any such symptoms. It is also done to rule out the possibility of thalassemia occurring in the baby during pregnancies.
The hematology test of Fetal Hb includes the alkali denaturation test or Apt test. It helps distinguish between the neonatal or fetal blood and the maternal blood present in the stool or vomit of the newborn. It also differentiates the blood of the newborn from the vaginal blood of the mother.
The Kleinauer-betke medical test also confirms the amount of hemoglobin transferred to the mother's bloodstream from the fetus. Since red blood cells with higher fetal Hb are acid-resistant, the alkali denaturation test can identify them. The Capillary electrophoresis method is most helpful for conducting this test.
The blood sample is collected using a standard venipuncture method. In infants, the pricking is done at the heel. Apollo 24|7 offers the Fetal Hemoglobin Quantitative Test.
Based on the results, your doctor can prescribe various treatments. For splenectomized β-thalassemia patients, a low dose of aspirin may be recommended. However, for Hereditary persistence of fetal hemoglobin diseases, like β-thalassemia, sickle cell anemia, etc., allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is the only cure.
Medically reviewed by Dr. Jaya Prakash Pani, Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Apollo Hospitals Old Sainik School Road, Bhubaneswar
Why should Apollo be your preferred healthcare partner?
The information mentioned above is meant for educational purposes only and should not be taken as a substitute to your Physician’s advice. It is highly recommended that the customer consults with a qualified healthcare professional to interpret test results