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CD33 (Myeloid Cell Marker)

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  • CD33 (Myeloid Cell Marker)

    6 tests included

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About

blood sample
Sample

WHOLE BLOOD AND BONE MARROW IN HEPARIN AND EDTA

Gender
Gender

Both

users
Age group

7 years & above

The CD15 (Myeloid Cell Marker) test is a flow cytometry test that identifies and quantifies the number of myeloid cells present in a blood or bone marrow sample. Myeloid cells play a crucial role in the functioning of the immune system. These cells facilitate the production of different types of cells such as granulocytes, monocytes, and dendritic cells. Myeloid cells are also responsible for fighting against bacterial and fungal infections.

In some instances, abnormal production of myeloid cells can occur, leading to serious health conditions such as acute myeloid leukaemia (AML), myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), and myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN). The CD15 (Myeloid Cell Marker) test is a reliable and accurate method for detecting abnormalities in myeloid cells. It is also used to monitor the effectiveness of treatment being provided to patients with myeloid disorders.

Symptoms

Fatigue and weakness are common symptoms associated with many illnesses, including those that can be detected through the CD15 (Myeloid Cell Marker) test. Loss of appetite, unexplained weight loss, night sweats, shortness of breath, fever and chills, bone or joint pain, and swollen lymph nodes are also signs that may indicate the presence of a serious condition. If any of these symptoms persist, it is important to consult a doctor immediately for proper diagnosis and treatment.

Test Procedure:

The sample for the CD15 (Myeloid Cell Marker) test is obtained through a bone marrow aspiration procedure. A small needle is inserted into the bone marrow cavity to extract a sample of the bone marrow. This procedure may be performed by a haematologist or an oncologist.

After the bone marrow aspirate is obtained, it is sent to a laboratory for testing. The test involves using antibodies that specifically target the CD15 antigen on the surface of myeloid cells. The bone marrow sample is then analysed using flow cytometry to determine if there is an abnormal number of myeloid cells present.

Treatment:

A positive CD15 (Myeloid Cell Marker) test result indicates the presence of abnormal myeloid cells in the blood, which can be an indication of several conditions. Therefore, additional tests may be needed to confirm the diagnosis and determine the severity of the condition. For example, a bone marrow biopsy may be required to examine the myeloid cells more closely and identify the type of myeloid disorder.

The treatment options for myeloid disorders vary depending on the type of condition and the severity of the disease. In some cases, no treatment may be required, and the patient may be monitored regularly to track the progress of the condition. However, if treatment is necessary, it may involve chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or bone marrow transplant, among other targeted therapies.

Benefits of an Early Diagnosis:

Early diagnosis can make a significant difference in the outcome of a serious condition. Detecting a disease in its early stages can prevent the condition from progressing to a severe stage. This is particularly true for conditions that can be detected through the CD15 (Myeloid Cell Marker) test, as they can be life-threatening if not detected and treated on time.

In addition to facilitating early intervention, the test also helps individuals to take charge of their health and make lifestyle changes that can promote better health outcomes. For instance, if a CD15 (Myeloid Cell Marker) test comes back positive, a patient can take steps to adopt a healthy diet and exercise routine, reduce stress levels, and quit smoking. These lifestyle changes can help reduce the risk of complications and promote better overall health.

Booking a CD15 (Myeloid Cell Marker) test on Apollo 24|7 is a simple process. Patients can visit the website or open the app and select CD15 (Myeloid Cell Marker) from the list of available tests. They can then select a time slot that is convenient for them and complete the booking process. Once patients book the test online, they will receive a confirmation message containing all the necessary information regarding the test, such as the date, time, and location. Results for this test are typically available within 72 hours.
 

faqFrequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What are the different forms of Leukemia?

There are four different kinds of leukaemia – either chronic or acute, lymphocytic or myeloid: Acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) Acute lymphocytic leukaemia Chronic myelogenous leukaemia Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia

What are the risk factors for leukaemia?

There are certain factors that can increase the risk of an individual getting specific kinds of leukaemia. Some of the major risk factors include: People older than 65 years of age White males are more liable to developing leukaemia People who have undergone radiation therapy or chemotherapy Potential exposure to radiation in past Individuals with genetic and blood disorders Pesticides, industrial solvents and tobacco smoke  Family genetic history

What is the survival rate of Acute Myeloid Leukaemia (AML)?

Individuals older than 20 have 27% of 5-year survival rate. People younger than 20 have a better chance of beating AML, almost by a 69%. The survival rate depends on various factors like a patient's age, biological features of the illness, etc.

What forms of treatment are available for Leukaemia?

A patient can be recommended several types of treatment depending on his or her overall health and age. The treatment will also depend on whether or not the leukaemia has spread to other body organs. The following treatments are commonly available: Chemotherapy Targeted therapy Immunotherapy Radiation therapy Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy Hematopoietic cell transplant (also known as bone marrow or stem cell transplant)

What are the chances of AML going into remission?

Acute Myeloid Leukaemia (AML) is the deadliest form of leukaemia. After the initial stage of treatment, it is likely to go into remission. Moreover, it often does not go away entirely and relapses after a specific period of remission. If remission occurs, patients can try other treatment types to see if it works on the person.

Is Leukaemia curable?

No. There is no specific cure for leukaemia. But, people often achieve a long-term state of remission. This means there will be no cancer signs with or without the particular treatment. The remission can last for a couple of weeks or several years.

What is myeloid leukaemia?

Myeloid leukaemia is a cancer of the bone marrow in which the myeloid cells grow uncontrollably.

Who should get tested for CD15 (Myeloid Cell Marker)?

Individuals who are experiencing symptoms such as fatigue, weakness, or frequent infections may benefit from getting tested.

How is the bone marrow aspiration procedure performed?

A small needle is inserted into the bone marrow cavity to extract a sample of the bone marrow.

What are the treatment options for myeloid leukaemia?

Treatment options include chemotherapy, radiation, bone marrow transplant, and targeted therapy. The type of treatment depends on various factors such as age, overall health, and stage of cancer.

What conditions can be detected using the CD15 (Myeloid Cell Marker) test?

The CD15 (Myeloid Cell Marker) test is used to detect conditions such as acute myeloid leukaemia, myelodysplastic syndrome, and Hodgkin lymphoma.

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The information mentioned above is meant for educational purposes only and should not be taken as a substitute to your Physician’s advice. It is highly recommended that the customer consults with a qualified healthcare professional to interpret test results