CD61 (Megakaryocytic Cell Marker)

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    Above 10 years

    Megakaryocytes are gigantic nucleus cells or large bone marrow cells with one lobated nucleus. They are about 10-15x larger than normal red blood cells. The cells are mainly produced by the kidney, liver, bone marrow and spleen. They are responsible for the production of platelets, also known as blood thrombocytes.

    Mature megakaryocytes are accountable for the production of platelets. Thrombopoietin aids this process by inducing megakaryocytes to produce proto-platelets processes. The internal membranes of megakaryocytes’ cytoplasm contain these platelets.

    These blood thrombocytes or platelets are essential for the normal process of blood clotting and thrombus formation. Abnormal platelet or megakaryocytes function can cause two of the following disorders:

    • Essential thrombocytosis: This disorder is characterised by an excessively high number of circulating platelets. Since the number of platelets shoots up, it causes blood clots or thrombosis throughout the body, especially in the arteries. This disorder can eventually culminate in leukaemia.
    • Congenital amegakaryocytic thrombocytopenia: This is one rare inherited genetic disorder. The primary problem is the low number of both megakaryocytes and platelets. There is a complete lack of megakaryocytes in the bone marrow without significantly associated abnormalities. This disorder is due to a gene mutation in the TPO receptor. Some central nervous system abnormalities might also affect the cerebellum and cerebrum.

    If you suspect that you are suffering from essential thrombocytosis, then you might notice the following symptoms and signs:

    • Easy blood clotting
    • Lightheadedness and dizziness
    • Fainting
    • Tingling and numbing of limbs
    • Headache
    • Chest pain
    • Temporary loss of vision
    • Burning and throbbing pain in the limbs
    • Reddening of skin

    You will also observe that essential thrombocytosis leads to a lot of bleeding that comes out via nosebleeds, bleeding from gums and mouth, easy bruising and bloody stool.

    Congenital amegakaryocytic thrombocytopenia presents similar symptoms as well, such as:

    • Life-threatening bleeding
    • Bruising
    • Petechiae, which are tiny red dots on the skin caused by small bleeds in the skin
    • Heavy menstrual flow
    • Purpura which leads to bleeding in the skin, leading to purple, red or brown-yellow small spots
    • Blood in stool or urine, making it look tarry and dark
    • Bleeding from gums
    • Nosebleeds

    If you notice symptoms like these, contact your healthcare practitioner.

    Your doctor is likely to run a CD61 test. Getting this test will help:

    • Find out the accurate level of platelet thrombi, megakaryocytes and platelets
    • Distinguish between DIC and TTP (which is diffuse CD61 and platelet-rich thrombi)
    • Measure platelets in patients suffering from thrombocytopenia

    Apollo 24|7 offers comprehensive, quick, effortless at-home testing for CD61 or Megakaryocytic cell markers. You will also receive your results within 72 hours!

    faqFrequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

    Frequently asked questions

    Thrombocytopenia is a disorder wherein the blood platelet count decreases. These platelets are made from larger cells in the bone marrow. When you get an injury, the platelets stick together, creating a plug that seals your open wound. This seal is known as a blood clot. When platelet count reduces, you might be unable to stop the bleeding after an injury. This bleeding can become life-threatening if it's incessant and happens in your brain. This whole phenomenon is called thrombocytopenia.
    Besides the CD61 test or megakaryocytic cell marker, there are some other ways to determine if you suffer from thrombocytopenia or not: Bone marrow tests: This will help check if your bone marrow is good and healthy Blood smear: This test checks for platelet count by smearing some blood on a slide and observing it under a microscope Complete blood count (CBC): This test measures blood cells count, including the platelets present in your blood
    Thrombocytopenia is a disorder which can either be acquired or inherited. In the case of acquired thrombocytopenia, you are not born with the disease but develop it later. In the case of inherited thrombocytopenia, the condition is passed down to you through your genes.
    There is no known cause for thrombocytopenia, per se. But the following can serve as a reason for low platelet count: Your spleen holds a reserve of too many platelets Your bone marrow does not make an ample amount of platelets Your bone marrow creates enough platelets, but the body ends up destroying them
    The following factors may put you at higher risk for contracting thrombocytopenia: Certain medicines can slow down platelets production or confuse your body into destroying the platelets Alcohol consumption can cause a drop in platelet, especially if you have a low level of folate and vitamin B12 Overexposure to toxic materials like benzene, arsenic and pesticides
    The following conditions may negatively impact platelet production: Aplastic anaemia Cancer Autoimmune diseases like rheumatoid arthritis, lupus and immune thrombocytopenia Infections Blood clot conditions like disseminated intravascular coagulation and thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura More significant than usual spleen size Surgery Pregnancy

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    The information mentioned above is meant for educational purposes only and should not be taken as a substitute to your Physician’s advice. It is highly recommended that the customer consults with a qualified healthcare professional to interpret test results