Anti Gliadin - IgA

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    blood sample




    Age group

    Above 10 years

    Celiac disease is a condition that is characterised by adverse immunological response to intake of gluten, a type of protein found in wheat, barley, and rye. People with celiac disease have immune systems that identify gluten as a harmful foreign substance. As a result, such systems produce antigliadin antibodies to attack this protein.

    Here are the common effects of celiac disease:

    • Abdominal pain
    • Gas
    • Diarrhoea
    • Heartburn
    • Weight loss
    • Headache
    • Constipation

    In some cases, this illness can also lead to a loss of bone density. During this allergic reaction, your body releases Immunoglobin A (IgA) and Immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies. Hence, detection of IgG and IgA gliadin antibodies is crucial to determine the presence of celiac disease.

    However, testing for IgA antibodies proves more helpful due to the location of this antibody. Immunoglobin A is present in the small intestine. Gluten produces inflammation in this part of the body. Hence, analysing anti-gliadin IgA levels can establish the severity of the illness.

    This condition can arise if you have the following risk factors:

    • Lupus
    • Type 1 diabetes
    • Down syndrome
    • Psoriasis
    • Intestinal lymphoma
    • Addison’s disease
    • Autoimmune hepatitis
    • Rheumatoid arthritis

    Hence, undergoing an anti-gliadin IgA test is crucial to avoid certain celiac disease complications. In some cases, you can suffer from malnutrition, weak bones, and lactose intolerance due to this disorder. For this purpose, it is essential to compare your results with the anti-gliadin IgA normal range.

    Your doctor can recommend testing for IgA antibodies to discover the possibility of celiac disease. This IgA gliadin test is a simple blood evaluation. A health professional will draw a small amount of blood from your arm to gather the specimen.

    The lab technician will use a sterilised needle for venipuncture during this process. Hence, the gliadin antibodies test will not pose considerable risks. You might feel mild bruising and pain during blood sample extraction. A positive Immunoglobulin A report indicates the presence of infection.

    The quantity of antigliadin antibodies serves as a base for understanding the severity of infection. Before undergoing the anti-gliadin IgA test, you should consult your physician about ongoing medications. Generally, deficiency in IgA levels can lead to false-negative test results. Hence, ensure that you are well-equipped by following the recommendations of medical experts.

    To get timely results, choosing an experienced antigliadin antibodies test provider is vital.

    Apollo 24|7 offers this testing at competitive rates. You can receive the reports within a span of nine days in most cases. After acquiring the anti-gliadin IgA levels report, remember to share the report with your physician. Analysis of these results will initiate a gluten-free diet that can control celiac disease symptoms.  

    Medically reviewed by Dr. P Siva Charan Reddy, Surgical gastroenterologist, Apollo Hospitals Jubilee Hills, Hyderabad.

    faqFrequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

    Frequently asked questions

    For children, the IgA anti-gliadin sensitivity ranges between 0.52 to 1.00. On the other hand, the sensitivity of anti-gliadin IgA levels for adults lies between 0.65 and 1.00. If your results do not lie in the normal range, your chances of being a gluten-allergic are high.
    The autoimmune disease causes issues like bloating, gas, and growth issues. In adults, the condition may lead to health problems like bulky and greasy stools. Without proper treatment, it can also lead to conditions like skin rash, anaemia, osteoporosis, and multiple sclerosis.
    People suffering from celiac disease can eat foods like rice, potatoes, fruits, vegetables, dairy products, and gluten-free flours. After undergoing an anti-gliadin IgA test, consulting your doctor is key to initiating a suitable diet plan.
    IgG antibodies help detect autoimmune disorders. On the contrary, IgA antibodies can help detect issues related to the small intestine in a better way. Hence, testing for IgA antibodies is the key to identifying disorders like celiac disease. On the contrary, IgG antibodies are more suitable for general autoimmune illnesses.
    Foods like farina, spelt, durum, and wheat are the main triggers of celiac disease. These items are high in gluten, which can cause an adverse reaction in individuals with celiac disease. If you notice allergic symptoms, opting for an anti-gliadin IgA test is essential.
    People with celiac disease can gain weight due to a gluten-free diet. Eating foods free from gluten can improve the intestinal health of such people. However, it is crucial to follow a balanced diet as increased weight can lead to other health problems.

    Why should Apollo be your preferred healthcare partner?

    • 40 Years of legacy and credibility in the healthcare industry.
    • NABL certified multi-channel digital healthcare platform.
    • Affordable diagnostic solutions with timely and accurate test results.
    • Up to 60% discount on Doorstep Diagnostic Tests, Home Sample Collection.
    • An inventory of over 100+ laboratories, spread across the country, operating out of 120+ cities with 1200+ collection centers, serving over 1800+ pin codes.

    The information mentioned above is meant for educational purposes only and should not be taken as a substitute to your Physician’s advice. It is highly recommended that the customer consults with a qualified healthcare professional to interpret test results