Herpes Simplex Virus (Hsv) Type 1 IgG Antibodies

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    blood sample




    Age group

    Above 10 years

    The Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) antibody test identifies whether a person has ever been infected with the herpes simplex virus. It's a medical test that checks for specific antibodies in your system.

    Antibodies are proteins produced by your immune system to combat specific infections, most commonly bacteria and viruses. This test determines whether you have antibodies to HSV-1 or HSV-2, the two types of herpes viruses.

    Approximately 15 to 20 days after you are initially infected, your body starts producing two types of HSV-1 or HSV-2 antibodies. These are referred to as Immunoglobulin G (IgG) and Immunoglobulin M (IgM) antibodies.

    The most frequent type of antibody is IgG, whereas IgM is the first type of antibody your body produces when you come into contact with a bacteria or virus. Blood and other body fluids include both of these antibodies.

    The most advanced variants of HSV antibodies testing can distinguish between prior HSV-1 and HSV-2 exposure.

    The herpes simplex virus is transmitted via direct exposure to the virus. This can occur during intercourse or childbirth. If you are infected with HSV before you are born, it can have serious consequences. Although the likelihood of transferring it while pregnant is slim, it may result in disability and death if it does get transferred.

    When your doctor intends to diagnose a current infection, the herpes antibodies test is not suggested. In this scenario, the best resorts are to take a specimen from you and culture the infection or use a method called Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) to look for the virus's DNA.

    If a PCR test reveals an active infection, your doctor may recommend antiviral medicine to help avoid outbreaks or reduce their intensity. Famciclovir, Valacyclovir, and Acyclovir are examples of some standard antiviral drugs.

    In the case of a current infection, your physician may or may not order HSV antibodies testing in addition to the other tests. However, they are more likely to suggest the Herpes Antibodies test for other purposes, such as:

    • If you have repeated symptoms but negative active test outcomes 
    • If you are recently infected but haven't noticed any signs yet 
    • You are expecting a child or attempting to conceive 
    • You either have HIV or are at significant risk of contracting it

    Apollo 24|7’s Herpes Simplex Virus Antibodies Test aids in the effective detection of HSV-1 or HSV-2 antibodies in your blood—usually the IgG antibody but occasionally the IgM type.

    These tests only reveal whether you've been exposed to HSV-1 or HSV-2 earlier. This does not rule out the possibility of HSV triggering any present symptoms, as the exposure may have occurred years ago. If you're concerned about a potential infection, you may repeat the herpes antibodies test roughly 21 days later to ensure your body has had sufficient time to build antibodies.

    HSV antibodies testing has the potential to produce false-positive results. To validate the results, you may choose to retake the test or attempt other types of testing. 

    Medically reviewed by Dr. Surya Narayan Mohanty, Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Apollo Hospitals Old Sainik School Road, Bhubaneswar

    packageTop Tests with Herpes Simplex Virus (Hsv) Type 1 IgG Antibodies

    faqFrequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

    Frequently asked questions

    When you have HSV-2, breakouts are more likely to occur in the genital area, but when you have HSV-1, breakouts are more likely to occur near your lips. Blisters can appear individually or in groups and can be highly painful. Discomfort, agony, stinging in the infected area, migraines, fever, and body pain may also occur.
    IgG tests are preferred over IgM tests because IgM antibodies may only last a few months and are not produced after the initial outbreak, however, IgG antibodies are produced during all infections. IgG antibodies can also tell the difference between HSV-1 and HSV-2, whereas IgM antibodies can't.
    HSV antibodies testing determines if a patient has ever been infected with the herpes simplex virus type 1 and 2. It is also helpful in differentiating between the two types, particularly in patients with undiagnosed or subclinical HSV infection.
    The presence of herpes IgG is indicated by a positive herpes simplex virus antibodies test. This indicates that the person is infected with the herpes virus. In the early phases of the infection, the HSV IgG test may not be positive.
    Undergoing herpes antibodies testing carries relatively little risk. You may experience some pain or redness where the syringe was inserted, but most symptoms fade quickly.
    IgG antibodies take 20-40 days to develop after the HSV infection, with most people having identifiable IgG antibodies 21-28 days after the infection and likely lasting a lifetime.

    Why should Apollo be your preferred healthcare partner?

    • 40 Years of legacy and credibility in the healthcare industry.
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    • Affordable diagnostic solutions with timely and accurate test results.
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    The information mentioned above is meant for educational purposes only and should not be taken as a substitute to your Physician’s advice. It is highly recommended that the customer consults with a qualified healthcare professional to interpret test results