Herpes Simplex Virus (Hsv) Type 1 IgM Antibodies

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    blood sample




    Age group

    Above 10 years

    Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) is an infection transmitted through sexual intercourse or during childbirth. The virus increases the risk of an HIV infection. If an individual has a weakened immune system, it can potentially lead to the development of more severe illnesses.

    Testing positive for the Herpes Simplex Virus-1 blood test during pregnancy might have particularly serious consequences. If a baby is born with the virus, it can result in deformities or even death.

    The Herpes Simplex Virus-1 antibodies test identifies whether a person has ever been exposed to the virus. It is a blood test that checks for specific antibodies in the system. Usually, 18 to 21 days after infection, the body begins to produce two types HSV of antibodies—HSV-1 and HSV-2.

    As soon as the system recognises a virus or bacteria, it produces IgM antibodies. However, both IgM and IgG are present in the blood and other bodily fluids. The Herpes Simplex Virus-1 blood test determines whether one has IgM antibodies against HSV-1.

    In most cases of herpes simplex virus infection, there are no or extremely minor symptoms. The initial infection is usually the most severe. The symptoms return occasionally, although they are less severe than the first. The Herpes Simplex Virus-1 blood test can help determine if the symptoms are for HSV-1 or HSV-2.

    HSV-1 infections are characterised by painful blisters that may ooze and occur separately or in clusters. When one has HSV-1, blisters generally appear near the lips. These HSV-1 infections, however, can potentially spread to the genital areas.

    Other signs and symptoms include:

    • Discomfort, pain, and burning at the site of infection
    • Headaches
    • Fever
    • Aches and pains in the body

    As soon as these symptoms start appearing, one should consider getting a Herpes Simplex Virus-1 blood test so that they can promptly start treatment. Most cases of Herpes or HSV are treatable with medication. But the diagnosis is essential.

    Some reasons to take the Herpes Simplex Virus-1 antibodies test include:

    • Recurrent symptoms, but test results are negative.
    • Presumed to have been exposed lately but are asymptomatic.
    • Pregnant or attempting to conceive.
    • Have HIV or are at high risk of contracting HIV.

    Apollo 24|7’s Herpes Simplex Virus-1 antibodies test can be extremely useful for individuals at risk of catching these viruses. 

    Medically reviewed by Dr. Surya Narayan Mohanty, Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Apollo Hospitals Old Sainik School Road, Bhubaneswar

    packageTop Tests with Herpes Simplex Virus (Hsv) Type 1 IgM Antibodies

    faqFrequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

    Frequently asked questions

    A positive Herpes Simplex Virus-1 antibodies test confirms the presence of herpes immunoglobulin M, which means that the person has the herpes virus.
    IgM antibodies are usually detectable for shorter periods, i.e., they might last just a few months. It is also possible that they will not be produced following the initial infection. Whereas IgG antibodies are created indefinitely and during all infections. A Herpes Simplex Virus-1 antibodies test can help differentiate between the HSV-1 and HSV-2 types.
    After becoming infected with HSV, it may take six to eight weeks to detect IgM antibodies through a Herpes Simplex Virus-1 blood test.
    HSV-1 and HSV-2 are the two forms of the herpes simplex virus (HSV). HSV-1 is spread mainly by oral contact, leading to oral herpes, including cold sore symptoms. However, it can also cause genital herpes. The Herpes Simplex Virus type 2 (HSV-2) is a sexually transmissible illness that causes only genital herpes. HSV-1 is far more contagious and can have serious repercussions if not treated early.
    If the Herpes Simplex Virus-1 antibodies test result is positive, it might indicate an asymptomatic but active herpes infection. However, it may also indicate that you have previously had an HSV infection and that the infection may not be new.
    If one is suspected to have the HSV virus, they might have to take the Herpes Simplex Virus-1 antibodies test. Reasons could include recurring symptoms or suspected viral exposure. Doctors also suggest a Herpes Simplex Virus-1 blood test for those at high risk for HIV.

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    The information mentioned above is meant for educational purposes only and should not be taken as a substitute to your Physician’s advice. It is highly recommended that the customer consults with a qualified healthcare professional to interpret test results