Parvovirus B19 Antibody Ig G

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    blood sample




    Age group

    Above 10 years

    The Parvovirus infection is a condition that is characterised by bright red rash on the cheeks. The condition, which is prevalent among children, is also referred to fifth disease or “slapped cheek” ailment. While the infection doesn’t trigger symptoms, it can lead to health complications.

    This infection can affect the cells that transform into red blood cells. If you are affected by Parvovirus B19, these blood cells will stop producing. Moreover, this will affect individuals who have a problem producing red blood cells normally.

    All young adults are affected by this viral infection, and children might also suffer from the infection and the slapped cheek disease. They might have a rash on both cheeks and their torso. Interestingly, these rashes might appear and disappear with exposure to heat and stress.

    When adults get infected by the virus, they might develop a condition called gloves and socks syndrome. Under this disease, adults might suffer from swollen joints and reddening hands and legs. Other viral infection symptoms for the Parvovirus B19 infection include:

    • Joint pain 
    • Fever 
    • Upset stomach 
    • Tiredness in fatigue 
    • Mild fever 
    • Arthritis

    If you have iron deficiency and suffer from the Parvovirus viral infection symptoms, you might develop acute anaemia. People having other blood disorders might also suffer from these problems after the infection.

    In addition, people undergoing chemotherapy or having HIV/AIDS might also develop chronic anaemia due to Parvovirus B19. In order to prevent the worsening of symptoms, one seek immediate medical attention.

    The Parvovirus B19 Antibody IgG Test is the ideal analysis of the viral infection. Under this test, doctors will analyse if you are affected by the virus and assess the ailments the infection might have caused.Doctors focus on the detection of the IgG antibodies to diagnose viral infection.

    When your immune system detects the Parvovirus, it starts producing IgG antibodies as a reaction to the viral infection. The antibody levels might rise for a short period and then decline slowly. Then, the antibody level increases when the infection is active and decreases when the virus has stabilized inside your body.

    Doctors might recommend the Parvovirus B19 Antibody IgG Test for certain individuals, such as pregnant women, people with chronic anaemia and anyone suffering from symptoms. By analysing the antibodies, doctors will understand current and past infections. However, the test is usually not applicable to children having slapped cheek symptoms or rashes.

    The viral infection lasts between three days and three weeks, so the test helps in early diagnosis. If you experience the symptoms, it might last from 5 days to a week. The Parvovirus B19 Antibody IgG Test will help develop appropriate treatment plans and prescriptions.

    If you have some pre-existing medical conditions, you can discuss them with your doctor, giving the diagnosis. Also, you can visit the online platform of Apollo 24|7 to opt for their testing facilities for the Parvovirus B19 Antibody IgG Test.  

    Medically reviewed by Dr. Ravikiran Barigala, Infectious disease, Apollo Hospitals Jubilee Hills, Hyderabad

    faqFrequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

    Frequently asked questions

    The Parvovirus B19 Antibody IgG test process is simple and like a standard blood test. Your physician will draw some blood from your arm vein to prepare a blood sample. He/She will examine this sample to identify IgG antibodies, which might confirm Parvovirus infection.
    The doctor might not recommend the Parvovirus B19 Antibody IgG Test for people suffering from mild symptoms. However, opting for the test is vital for pregnant mothers with viral infection symptoms. This is because the viral infection may affect the unborn child.  If you have been exposed to the Parvovirus earlier and are experiencing similar symptoms, contact a doctor immediately.
    Patients having a weak immune system and having problems developing red blood cells are at a significantly higher risk of contracting the infection. Healthy school-going children and pregnant women may also get infected by the virus. Sexual intercourse with a Parvovirus infected person is also associated with increased risk of viral infection symptoms.
    After taking the test, if IgG antibodies are found in your blood sample, then it's likely that you are infected. The doctors will analyse the sample and determine if the infection is recent and active or not. On the contrary, if the test results in negative, then you aren't infected and probably not exposed to the virus.
    Parvovirus prevention strategies include washing hands frequently and covering your mouth while sneezing or coughing. If you're infected or experience the symptoms, stay at home. It is also advised to avoid close contact with infected people.
    Yes, you can develop immunity against the virus after getting infected by it. The antibodies present in your blood will indicate immunity against the virus.

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    The information mentioned above is meant for educational purposes only and should not be taken as a substitute to your Physician’s advice. It is highly recommended that the customer consults with a qualified healthcare professional to interpret test results