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RH Antibody Titre

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  • RH ANTIBODY TITRE

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About

blood sample
Sample

BLOOD

Gender
Gender

Both

users
Age group

7 years & above

The RH antibody titre is a blood test that is conducted to detect the presence of Rh antibodies in the blood. RH antibodies are proteins that develop in the body when an Rh-negative individual is exposed to RH-positive blood cells. This condition can lead to several complications in pregnancy, such as hemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN), which can cause anaemia, jaundice, and brain damage. The RH antibody titre test is used to monitor RH-negative pregnant women regularly to ensure early detection and safe management of these complications.

Symptoms

Rh antibodies can lead to a condition called RH sensitization or RH incompatibility, which can cause various symptoms.

  • Mild Symptoms: In mild cases, individuals may experience minimal symptoms, which may include mild fatigue, weakness, or general discomfort.
  • Hemolytic Disease of the Newborn (HDN): In pregnant women who are Rh-negative and have been sensitized to RH-positive blood, the Rh antibodies can cross the placenta and affect the RH-positive fetus. This can lead to HDN, a condition where the mother's antibodies attack and destroy the baby's red blood cells. Symptoms in the newborn may include jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes), pale skin, anaemia, enlarged liver or spleen, and in severe cases, heart failure or even stillbirth.
  • Anaemia: RH antibodies can cause the destruction of red blood cells, leading to anaemia. Anaemia symptoms may include fatigue, weakness, shortness of breath, pale skin, rapid heart rate, and lightheadedness.
  • Hemolytic Transfusion Reactions: If a person with RH-negative blood receives a blood transfusion that is RH-positive and their immune system has produced RH antibodies, it can result in a hemolytic transfusion reaction. Symptoms may include fever, chills, nausea, vomiting, back pain, rapid heartbeat, shortness of breath, chest pain, dark urine, and potentially life-threatening complications.

It's important to note that the severity of symptoms can vary depending on factors such as the level of antibody production, the number of red blood cells affected, and the individual's overall health. If you suspect you may have RH antibodies or are at risk for Rh sensitization, it's essential to consult with a healthcare professional for proper evaluation, diagnosis, and management.

Test Procedure

The RH antibody titre test requires a blood sample for testing. The healthcare provider will collect a blood sample from the arm using a needle. The procedure is relatively simple and takes only a few minutes to complete. At the lab, the sample is tested to measure the level of RH antibodies in the blood sample. The healthcare provider will mix the patient's serum with RH-positive cells and observe how much agglutination (clumping) occurs. Depending on the level of agglutination observed, the healthcare provider can determine whether the individual has developed Rh antibodies.

Positive Diagnosis and Treatment

If an individual receives a positive diagnosis for RH antibodies during pregnancy, they may require close monitoring and treatment to prevent complications such as HDN. The treatment may involve administering RH-immune globulin injections to the mother to prevent the development of RH antibodies in future pregnancies. It is crucial to seek medical attention as soon as possible to ensure safe management of the condition.

Booking a Test on Apollo 24|7

Booking an RH antibody titre test on Apollo 24|7 is a simple and hassle-free process. Individuals can visit the Apollo 24|7 website or download the app, select the RH Antibody Titre test, choose a lab location, and book an appointment slot. The test results are usually available within 36 hours of the sample collection. Early detection of Rh antibodies is essential for safe management during pregnancy, and opting for this test early on can provide numerous benefits such as:

  • Prompt Medical Intervention: Early detection of Rh antibodies allows healthcare providers to take necessary steps to manage and minimize the potential risks associated with Rh sensitization. It enables them to closely monitor and intervene if needed to prevent or reduce the impact of complications such as hemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN) or hemolytic transfusion reactions.
  • Tailored Prenatal Care: For pregnant women who are Rh-negative, early detection of Rh antibodies allows healthcare providers to provide personalized prenatal care. Regular monitoring of antibody levels and fetal well-being can be performed to identify any signs of HDN and take appropriate measures to protect the fetus, such as administering Rh immune globulin (RhIg) to prevent antibody production.
  • Timely Interventions for HDN: If Rh sensitization is detected early during pregnancy, healthcare providers can initiate interventions to manage HDN promptly. These interventions may include fetal blood sampling, intrauterine transfusion, or early delivery, depending on the severity of the condition. Early detection increases the chances of successful treatment and reduces the risk of severe complications for the fetus.
  • Safer Blood Transfusions: Early detection of Rh antibodies in individuals who may require blood transfusions helps ensure the safe administration of compatible blood. By identifying the presence of Rh antibodies, healthcare providers can select Rh-negative blood for transfusions, minimizing the risk of hemolytic transfusion reactions and related complications.
     

faqFrequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

HDN or hemolytic disease of the newborn is a condition in which the mother's Rh antibodies attack the fetus's red blood cells, causing anaemia, jaundice, and brain damage.
Rh-negative pregnant women should undergo the RH antibody titre test during their first prenatal visit and regularly throughout pregnancy.
Yes, an individual can develop Rh antibodies after receiving a blood transfusion containing Rh-positive cells.
Pregnant women who are Rh-negative should be tested early in their pregnancy and monitored regularly.
Rh-immune globulin is a medication that contains antibodies that can prevent the mother's immune system from developing Rh antibodies in response to Rh-positive fetal cells. It works by neutralizing any Rh-positive blood cells that may have entered the mother's bloodstream during pregnancy.

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The information mentioned above is meant for educational purposes only and should not be taken as a substitute to your Physician’s advice. It is highly recommended that the customer consults with a qualified healthcare professional to interpret test results