Sport Gene

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testsTest(s) Included (1)


    1 test included



blood sample




Age group

7 years & above

Genetic factors determine many things in an athlete’s life, from muscle strength to bone health. These factors indirectly determine a person’s overall performance if they aim to go for sports. The sports gene test is a one-of-a-kind diagnostic test offered by Apollo 24|7 to help an individual excel in their sports career.

Even the best training and careful diet fail to enhance performance if the person’s genetic makeup is not up to the mark. The sports DNA test is significant because it reflects several parameters like:

  • Muscle performance
  • Endurance ability 
  • Muscle contraction force 
  • Cardiac performance 
  • Oxygen intake of the body 

A sports gene test is necessary for every individual aspiring to build a career in a particular sport because genetics defines nearly 50% of the fitness variations. Every genetic test for athletes targets the ACTN3 gene, which is responsible for determining the sport’s ability of the person. 

ACTN3 is a gene that encodes for alpha-actinin-3 and is found in muscle fibres. These fibres are responsible for the contraction and relaxation of muscles that play an important role in athletic performance. 

Each individual has two copies of the gene that comes from both parents. The protein alpha-actinin-3 produced by the gene is helpful for the fast-twitch mechanism in muscle fibres. This is an essential process for producing considerably good energy for a short time. Furthermore, fast muscle fibres allow athletes to perform sports like weightlifting or sprinting. 

The problem occurs when the X variant of the gene cannot create this energy surge which disables the individual from performing certain sports activities. In this condition, the energy is released over a long duration, allowing the person to go for activities like running and swimming. As a result, the individual can take up endurance sports where a constant flow of energy is needed. 

A genetic sports gene test for athletes allows the person to find out the kind of sports one may be good at by identifying the variant of a gene present in the body. If the sports gene test identifies an RR genotype in the body, the individual may be good at short-distance and endurance sports. However, if only the X variant is present, the individual must go for sports like hockey, cycling, and marathons. 

The presence or absence of the type of ACTN3 gene detected through a gene test for fitness abilities determines how one must work to deliver the best performance. 

Here are the key advantages of taking a sports gene test: 

  • Allows an individual to choose a progressive career in sports that helps them perform better.
  • Encourages an individual to plan their fitness regime as per the sports they have chosen.
  • If not games and athletics, the sports DNA test helps in curating weight management plans for many people.
  • Enhances an individual’s strength in a particular sport.

    Medically reviewed by Dr. S V Prashanthi Raju, General Physician/Internal Medicine, Apollo Hospitals Jubilee Hills, Hyderabad.

faqFrequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

No. The genetic tests for athletes only determine the ability of an individual’s muscle to produce energy. Based on the type of gene present in the body, one may be good at short sports activity or endurance sports. Hence, the test does not indicate the exact form of sport one must choose.
Yes. Since training for a career in sports starts at a young age, it is essential to take a genetic test for fitness abilities. This helps channel the efforts in the right direction because the sports gene test indicates an individual's natural inherent advantage.
Since a sports DNA test reflects the natural capacity of an individual’s muscle, it would be a waste of efforts to train the person for another type of sports. The entire purpose of taking this test is to channel the energy and efforts in the right direction.
The sports gene test involves a simple blood test where the phlebotomist draws the blood from your vein after cleaning the puncture site. Once the process is completed, the site is cleaned and covered with a small antiseptic bandage. Henceforth, the samples are sent to the laboratory for genome mapping technique.
Any individual who wants to build a career in sports must take a sports DNA test or a gene test for fitness abilities.
It is suitable for a pre-teenager to undergo a sports gene test. However, it is valid for parents to do a sports gene test for a child between two to thirteen years of age.

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The information mentioned above is meant for educational purposes only and should not be taken as a substitute to your Physician’s advice. It is highly recommended that the customer consults with a qualified healthcare professional to interpret test results