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Torch PCR Qualitative in Central Secretariat, Hyderabad

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  • TORCH PCR QUALITATIVE

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About

blood sample
Sample

EDTA PLASMA/AMNIOTIC FLUID

Gender
Gender

Both

users
Age group

7 years & above

TORCH PCR qualitative test detects severe infections in pregnant women. These infections can affect babies’ health after birth and might deteriorate their health. Early detection can help prevent complications in newborns.

TORCH PCR Qualitative Test - Overview

TORCH is an abbreviation for infections that can be detected using a qualitative PCR test. These infections include toxoplasmosis, rubella, cytomegalovirus, herpes simplex, and other infections like (HIV, hepatitis, varicella,and parvovirus).

Sometimes the TORCH test is written as TORCHS, where the extra ‘S’ stands for syphilis—an additional infection that the test can detect.

Antibiotic testing is the first step to identifying the presence of any microbial infection. The infection can be confirmed if the surface antibodies are present for a specific virus or bacteria. 

The antibodies include IgG, which indicates the presence of an infection in the past, and IgM, which means acute infection in the present. 

Pathologists go for a TORCH PCR qualitative test to analyse the presence of viral protein in the sample. PCR test includes processes like amplifying the genetic material in the sample. 

The genetic material shows the presence of a gene encoding for the virus’s surface proteins. The primers help in detecting the presence of these specific genes. PCR result shows a cycle threshold value that indicates the number of cycles it takes for the appearance of the gene.

The lower the cycle threshold, the more severe the infection is. TORCH PCR qualitative test can be a part of regular screening during pregnancy to check the infection from time to time. 

Who Should Get Tested? 

This test is specifically meant for pregnant women. Ignoring the symptoms and avoiding the TORCH PCR test could lead to infants with vision loss, deafness, jaundice, and low platelet levels after birth. 

After early detection of the infection, one can quickly seek treatment from specialists. Ordinary anti-viral medicines can work for minor infections. 

The TORCH PCR test helps in determining whether there may be an infection and can save the infant from facing life-threatening complications. 


Medically reviewed by Dr. Jasmin Rath, Obstetrics & Gynaecology from apollo Hospitals Jubilee Hills, Hyderabad.

faqFrequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is a TORCH screen test?

A TORCH screen or panel helps detect possible infections that may attack a pregnant woman. These infections may get passed down to the unborn fetus and cause unwanted complications. To rule out such a possibility, this test screens for toxoplasmosis, rubella (also known as German measles), cytomegalovirus, and syphilis. So, the test measures the levels of antibodies to these infectious diseases.

What possible complications can the TORCH diseases cause to an unborn fetus?

It’s essential to screen for diseases. If they are not caught early, they may lead to a series of complicated health conditions like: Deafness Cataract Heart problems Jaundice Intellectual disability (ID) Seizures Low platelet levels

What is Toxoplasmosis?

The TORCH screen test diagnoses Toxoplasmosis first. It’s a disease that is caused due to a parasite called T. Gondii. It’s found in cat faeces, raw eggs, and undercooked meat and enters the body via the mouth. It can cause loss of vision, deafness, mental retardation, and seizures.

What is Rubella?

Rubella is another disease screened by the TORCH test. It’s also known as German measles. It’s essentially a virus that causes a rash. If this virus infects a fetus, it can lead to severe congenital disabilities like vision troubles, heart defects, and delayed development issues.

Is a TORCH screen necessary for pregnant women?

Yes, the TORCH test is necessary to rule out the possibility of any infectious disease harming the pregnant woman or her unborn fetus. The test is recommended before conception to determine safe pregnancy and healthy development of the fetus.

How to decipher the TORCH screen test results?

The TORCH screen test will indicate whether you are currently suffering from an infectious disease or recently had one. It will also show whether you have immunity to specific ailments like Rubella if you got a vaccination earlier. Your TORCH test results will either be positive or negative. A positive test result signifies that your blood has either the IgG or IgM antibodies for one or more of the diseases screened. A negative test result is considered normal, suggesting no antibodies were found for current or previous infection.

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The information mentioned above is meant for educational purposes only and should not be taken as a substitute to your Physician’s advice. It is highly recommended that the customer consults with a qualified healthcare professional to interpret test results