Diabetes Management

Diabetic Retinopathy: An Overview

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As the number of people diagnosed with diabetes rises, it is essential to know and understand the various health complications that can arise as a result of this condition. One such complication is diabetic retinopathy, a severe eye condition that can lead to vision loss if not properly managed.

Understanding Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy is caused by damage to the retina's blood vessels due to high sugar levels in the blood from diabetes. This damage can lead to vision loss, making it the leading cause of vision impairment among diabetic individuals.

Stages and Classification

Diabetic retinopathy is classified into two significant stages - Non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR) and Proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR). 

  • Non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR) is an early-stage disease involving leakage of blood vessels, which results in swelling of the retina or deposits. 
  • Proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) is more severe, where fragile blood vessels grow abnormally, leading to bleeding and scar tissue - causing severe sight issues.

Identifying Symptoms and Prevention Measures

Symptoms of diabetic retinopathy include 

  • floaters in vision, 
  • blurred or fluctuating vision, 
  • empty areas in vision, 
  • even vision loss if left untreated.

Controlling your sugar levels, blood pressure, and cholesterol is critical to preventing or slowing its progression. Regular comprehensive eye exams are also vital for early detection and treatment.

Comprehending Treatment Options

Treatment for diabetic retinopathy can include injections of anti-VEGF (Anti-vascular endothelial growth factor therapy) medication, laser surgery, and vitrectomy surgery. However, preventing its onset through careful control of diabetes remains vital.

Managing diabetes is crucial to preventing complications like diabetic retinopathy. The Apollo Super 6 program has been designed to help manage type 2 diabetes through lifestyle changes and personalised support. With a proven track record in improving health outcomes such as HbA1c levels, weight, waist circumference, and blood sugar levels, among others, it could be a worthwhile consideration.


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