Epidemiology of Diabetes and Diabetes-Related Complications
Exact cause is unknown but most appreciated hypothesis is either low insulin or insulin resistance due to genetic +/- environmental factors. Increased risk of Heart attack/ Angina/ Stroke, Nerve damage, Kidney damage, Gastroparesis (Nausea/ vomiting) Diarrhea or constipation, Eye damage - blindness, Increased risk of cataract and glaucoma, Foot damage/ amputations, Skin infections, Increased risk of Alzheimer's disease/ Depression/ Hearing impairment.
Babies of GDM mothers may have more birth weight, preterm birth and respiratory distress, low blood sugar shortly after birth and hypoglycemic seizures, still birth and obesity/ diabetes later in their life.
Yes, one only needs to study and pass to get a degree to be a doctor irrespective of their own medical conditions.
Insulin is a harmone that regulates the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats and protein by promoting the absorption of glucose from the blood
Goal fasting blood sugar is 80 - 130, post prandial blood sugar is < 180 mg/dl.