Insulin is a harmone that regulates the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats and protein by promoting the absorption of glucose from the blood
Heavy exercises can increase sugar level and also risk of hypoglycemia increases in patients on insulin treatment. Patients with few Diabetic complications such as retinopathy, neuropathy may have untoward effects if vigorous activities are done.
Fasting blood sugar of 126 mg/dl or more, post prandial blood sugar of 200 or more with glycated hemoglobin of 6.5% or more.
Normal saline drips helps in correction of hydration in Diabetic emergencies such as Diabetic ketoacidosis. Proper hydration will decrease counterregulatory hormones and lower blood glucose, which should augment insulin sensitivity.
Few symptoms are increased thirst, extreme hunger, unexplained weight loss, frequent urination, fatigue, irritability, blurred vision, slow healing wounds and frequent infections. Treatment is either tablets or insulin to control blood sugar levels along with life style modifications (Diet + exercise)